Inese Boluža, Evita Lipe


Due to the geopolitical changes in the world, police officers have to understand culture and religion of Muslims which will promote a more secure environment and self-confidence about the legal and practical aspects of interaction with Muslims in Latvia. However, the most police officers have insufficient knowledge of Islam regarding law enforcement in dealing with Muslims. Muslims, who have arrived in the last decade, have had a negative experience with police in their country of origin, so, in some cases, immigrants may be afraid of police officers and refuse to cooperate with them.


Islam; Muslims; human rights; police; crimes

Full Text:



The Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. 01.07.1993, no.43. Latvijas Vēstnesis.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, General Assembly Resolution 2200A (XXI). 16.12.1966. Retrieved April 10, 2018, from http://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/ccpr.aspx

Law on the Procedures for Holding the Detained Persons, 13.10.2005. Latvijas Vēstnesis, 2005, no.167 (3325).

Judgment of the Constitutional Court of 18 March 2011 in the case Nr. 2010-50-03, point no.7.2. Retrieved April 11, 2018, from http://www.satv.tiesa.gov.lv/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/2010-50-03_Spriedums.pdf.

Protocol of the meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia on 22 August 2017. Retrieved April 10, 2018, from http://tap.mk.gov.lv/mk/mksedes/saraksts/

State Police Internal Regulations No. 36 "The Code of Ethics of the State Police". 19.04.2018. Retrieved April 5, 2018, from http://www.vp.gov.lv/faili/sadalas/policijas_darbinieka_etikas_kodekss.pdf

ACPO. Guidance on the Safer Detention and Handling of Personas in Police custody, Second Edition, 2012.

Bulgaria has approved legislation to ban women from wearing face-covering veils (2016). Tertrieved April 7, 2018, from http://www.news.com.au/world/europe/bulgaria-has-approved-legislation-to-ban-women-from-wearing-facecovering-veils/news-story/c6f720707ffc5e78db803c143220d597

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Egypt. Retrieved April 5, 2018, from http://www.unicef.org/egypt/media_4115.html

The Quran. Retrieved April 2, 2018, from http://al-quran.info/#home

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17770/bsm.v2i7.3490


  • There are currently no refbacks.