Mārtiņš Spridzāns, Jans Pavlovičs, Diāna Soboļeva


Efficient use of educational technology and digital learning possibilities has always been the strategic area of high importance in border guards training at the State Border Guard College of Latvia. Recently, issues related to training during the Covid-19, have spurred and revived the discussion, topicality and practical need to use the potential of e-learning opportunities which brought up unexpected, additional, previously unsolved, unexplored, challenges and tasks to border guards training. New opportunities and challenges for trainers, learners and administration of training process both in online communication and learning administration contexts. In order to find out and define further e-learning development possibilities at the State Border Guard College the authors of this research explore the scientific literature on the current research findings, methodologies, approaches on developing interactive e-learning systems in educational contexts, particularly within the sphere of law enforcement. Based on scientific literature research findings authors put forward suggestions on improving the e-learning systems for border guards training.


digital competence development, e-learning, online communication

Full Text:



AL-FRAIHAT, D., RA'ED MASA'DEH, M., & SINCLAIR J. (2020). Evaluating E-learning systems success. An empirical study Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 102, pp. 67-86.

BROCK, C. (2015) Education in the United Kingdom, Bloomsbury, London UK.

ČIŽMEŠIJA, A., DIKOVIĆ, M., & DOMOVIĆ, V. (2018). Handbook for teaching competence enhancement in higher education, Co-funded by the Erasmus + Programme of the European Union. Ministry of Science and Education of Croatien, ISBN: 978-953-8103-21-6.

CUNNINGHAM, C.A., & BRIAANA, L.A. (2010) Philosophical Question about learning technologies. The Sage Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Sage. London, UK, 2010.

DOUGIAMAS, M. (1999). Reading and Writing for Internet Teaching. Retrieved August 7, 2020, from https://docs.moodle.org/38/en/Pedagogy

DUFFY, T. M., & CUNNINGHAM, D. J. (1996). Constructivism: Implications for the design and delivery of instruction. In D. H. Jonassen (Ed.), Handbook of research on educational communications and technology (pp. 170-198). New York: Scholastic.

EUNEC. (2014). the European Network of Education Councils. Learning in the digital age. Report of the seminar of the European Network of Education Councils, Athens, 5-6 May 2014 with the support of the European Commission DG Education and Culture, Brussels, August 2014 EUNEC secretariat, Kunstlaan 6, bus 6, 1210 Brussels.

GOODWYN, A. (2017). Expert Teachers An international perspective. Routledge, New York.

SELIM, H.M. (2007). Critical success factors for e-learning acceptance: Confirmatory factor models. Retrieved August 7, 2020, from https://www.academia.edu/12101768/Critical_success_factors_for_e_learning_acceptance_Confirmatory_factor_models

HARRIS, A., STOLL, L., & HANDSCOMB, G. (2012). Great professional development which leads to great pedagogy: nine claims from research. Research and development network national themes: theme two National college for school leadership.

HOWARD, C., BOETTCHER, J. V., LORRAINE, J., & SCHENK, K. (2005). Encyclopaedia of distance learning. Volume 2. Idea Group, USA.

ISLAM, N. (2013). Investigating e-learning system usage outcomes in the university context Computers & Education Volume 69, November 2013, Pages 387-399 Retrieved August 7, 2020, from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2013.07.037

LIAW, S.S., HUANG, H.M., & CHEN, G.D. (2007). Surveying instructor and learner attitudes toward e-learning Computers and Education, 49 (4) pp. 1066-1080.

PAVLOVICS, J. (2018). VII International scientific and practical conference Border security and management scientific journal of internal security and civil defence No 2(7) 15.-16.05.2018. ISSN 2592-849X pp 120.

PERSSON, B. (2018). Artillery Simulation as a Pedagogical Tool in Military Education. In: Naweed A., Wardaszko M., Leigh E., Meijer S. (2016) Intersections in Simulation and Gaming. ISAGA 2016, SimTecT. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10711. Springer, Cham.

PORRITT, V., SPENCE-THOMAS, K., EARLEY, P., & GREANY, T. (2017). School leadership and Education system reform. Bllomsbury, London, UK and Carol Taylor.

SPRIDZANS, M. (2018). VII International scientific and practical conference Border security and management scientific journal of internal security and civil defence No 2(7) 15.-16.05.2018. ISSN 2592-849X pp 144.

SWANN, J. (2012). Learning, teaching and education Research in the 21st century. An evolutionary analysis of the role of teachers. Continuum International, Publishing group, Great Britain.

TERZIEV, V., & NICHEV, N., Pedagogical digital competence, Retrieved August 7, 2020, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316314915_Pedagogical_Digital_Competence-Between_Values_Knowledge_and_Skills

WOOD W., DOUGLAS D., & HAUGEN S. (2002). E-learning in the military: meeting the challenge. Retrieved August 7, 2020, from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fa61/f89ec9d1f45d2da79e49934a0a5647026c94.pdf

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17770/bsm.v3i8.5358


  • There are currently no refbacks.