ANALYSING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACTS AS A RESULT OF SYZRAN SHALE-PROCESSING REFINERY WORK

N. G. Chumachenko, V. V. Turnikov, E. V. Petrova

Abstract


Extraction and primary processing of natural minerals have a direct human impact on the lithosphere in the following way: the area of excavation and the area covered by rock dumps of overburden and substandard rocks increase; the landscape also changes. This problem occurs on all operated deposits and exists in out-of-operation deposits. This paper performs a critical analysis of environmental implications of anthropogenic impacts as a result of Syzran shale-processing refinery work Rock dumps parameters № 1 of Mine 3 and № 2 of Mine 5/6 of ZAO "Kashpirskaya Mine" are investigated. Rock dumps depth and surface ares, conservation volume and utilization capacity are considered to be landscape modifying parametres. The research demonstrates rock dumps parameters change in the period from 1950 to 2002. The paper evaluates the degree of anthropogenic impact of dumps territories and burnt rocks burials which were formed during the extraction of oil shale at Syzran shale-processing refinery. Those rock dumps resulted in the following transformation and change of the natural system and landscape: curvature of the slopes altered, soil and vegetation cover was dislocated. The only industry capable of reducing ecological tension in the region is building industry.

Keywords


resource output; anthropologic impact; burnt rock dump; construction industry; landscape change

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arustashov A.A., Levakov I.V. Ecologicheskiye osnovi prirodovepolzovaniya. [Ecological basis of nature] Мoscow, 2001, 385 p.

Vremenaya metodika opredeleniya economicheskoy effectivnostu osuschestvleniya prirodoochranyaemich meropriyatiy I ozenki aconomicheskogo uscherba, prichinyaemogo narodnomy chozyaiyastvu v resultate zagryaznenya okruzhauschey sredi. [The temporary method of determining the cost-effectiveness of the implementation of environmental protection measures and assess the economic damage caused to the national economy as a result of environmental contamination.] Perm: VNIIOSugol, 1985.

Gavrilov V.P. ecologiya I prirodopolzovaniye: problem nauki I obrazovaniya [Ecology and nature: problems of science and education]. News of the universities (Construction), 8, 1997, pp. 107-111.

Domanin A,B. economica I razionalnoye prirodopolzovaniye na rubeze vekov [Economics and environmental management at the turn of the century ]. Moscow university Vestnik. Economics, 3, 2000, pp. 54-59.

Lebedev O,T., Mascheva T. V. Economica regionalnogo prirodopolzovaniya. [Economics of regional nature ]. Saint Petersburg, 2001.

Chumachenko N.G., Turnikov N.G., Seykin A.I., Bannova S.E. Vozmoznosti ispolzovaniya gorelich porod v stroitelstve. Ecologiya I promischlennost Rossii [Possibilities of use of burned rocks in construction. Ecology and Industry of Russia] V.19, 11, 2015, pp. 3 – 9.

Chumachenko N.G., Turnikov V.V., Bannova S.E., Kirillov D.V. Perspectivi formirovaniya sirevoy basi stroyindustii s ispolzovaniyem technogennogo sirya is onvalov Kaschpirskogo rudnika Samarskoy oblasti / SGASU. [Prospects of the raw material base construction industry using raw materials from technogenic dumps mine Kashpirskiya Samara Region / SGASU.] Samara, 2006, 225 p.

Chumachenko N.G., Turnikov V.V., Kirillov D.V., Kirillov M.V., Gavrilov A.V. Formirovaniye mestnoy sirevoy basi na osnove othodov stroiyindustii. Stroitelniye materiali, oborudovaniye, technologii XXI veka [Formation of araw materials local source based on the construction industry waste. Building materials, equipment, technologies of XXI century ], 1 (96), 2007, pp. 16-18.

Chumachenko N.G. Resursocberegaushiy podhod k sirevoy base stroiyindustrii. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitelstvo I arhitectura. [Resource-saving approach to the resource base of the construction industry. Urban construction and architecture], 1, 2011, pp. 112-116.

Khlystov A,I., Zakirova M.N., Shirokov V.A., Isaev D.I., Sedisheva M.U. Ecologicheskiye aspekti utilizazii othodov keramzitnogo proizvodstva v sostavah materialov obshestroitelnogo I spezialnogo naznacheniya. Bashkirskiy himicheskiy zurnal [Environmental aspects of expanded clay production waste recycling in the compositions of materials for general and special purpose. Bashkirskiya chemical journal], book 21, 4, 2014, pp. 116-123.

Khlystov A.I.,Vlasov A.V., Konnov M.V. Primeneniye visokoglinozemistih shlamov v technologicheskih prozessah proizvodstva obzigovih i bezobzigovih ogneuporov. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvenogo universiteta. [The use of high-sludge in the production process biurnt and unburned firebrick. Vestnik of the Orenburg State University, 5, 2013, pp. 212-215.

Khlystov A.I., Zakirova M.N., Shirokov V.A. Isaev D.I. Sedisheva M.U. Ecologicheskiye aspekti utilizazii othodov keramzitnogo proizvodstva v sostavah materialov obshestroitelnogo I spezialnogo naznacheniya. Bashkirskiy himicheskiy zurnal [Environmental aspects of expanded clay production waste recycling in the compositions of materials for general and special purpose. Bashkirskiya chemical journal.], book 21, 4, 2014, pp. 116-123.

Chudin A.N. Razrabotka metoda komputernogo proektirovaniya shicht dlya polucheniya iskustvennogo poristogo alumosilikatnogo zapolnitelya: Dis. Kand. Tech.nauk [Chudin A.N. Development of charges method of computer-aided design for artificial porous aluminosilicate filler: Dis ... Cand. tehn. Sciences:]: 05.23.05. SGASU. p. 220.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/etr2017vol1.2636

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.