INFLUENCE OF FLOODING ON LEAF CELL MEMBRANES OF THREE LATVIAN WHEAT CULTIVARS (TRITICUM AESTIVUM (L)).

Nataļja Škute, Aleksandrs Petjukevičs, Marina Savicka, Nadežda Harlamova, Alina Kulbachna

Abstract


Flooding occurs in many wheat-growing regions around the world. During flooding, the gas exchange between soil and air decreases and root hypoxia or anoxia is the major cause of plant growth reduction under this stress. The hypoxia stress triggers stimulate the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induce oxidative stress in plants. The wheat is one of the most important crops in Latvia and in the world. Although wheat is one of the most intolerant crops to soil flooding. To elucidate the mechanisms involved in soil flooding and the tolerance of three Latvian commercial winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars: ‘Fredis’, ‘Reinis’, ‘Brencis’ and the flooding induced changes in electrolyte leakage, MDA production, and carotenoid production evaluated. The results indicate, that content of MDA, which reflect the level of membrane lipid peroxidation, differ, but no significant decrease of MDA concentration in cultivar ‘Brencis’ caused by increased activity of the antioxidant system. The differences in total carotenoids content in investigated wheat cultivars under simulating natural flooding founded. The most active accumulation of total carotenoids observed in the cultivar ‘Reinis’. The results demonstrate increased electrolyte leakage in cell membranes of the first leaves in all investigated wheat cultivars compared to control. Under flooding, the first leaf of wheat influenced by lower water temperature compared to the first leaf of the control group and that decrease the membrane fluidity, which possibly leads to decreased of membrane permeability. This preliminary data shows that one-week flooding influences to the cell membranes of some Latvian winter wheat cultivars, this influence differs, but cultivar ‘Brencis’ was more tolerant of the flooding.

 

 


Keywords


carotenoids; flooding stress; malondialdehyde level; membrane permeability

Full Text:

PDF

References


T. Kozlowski, “Plant Responses to Flooding of Soil,” BioSciense, vol. 34, Issue 3, pp. 162-167, 1984. [2] FAO Agriculture, 2002, Available:

http://www.fao.org/waicent/FAOINFO/AGRICULT/ag1/ag11/gaez//nav.html [Accessed March 18, 2009].

K.D. Sayre, M. Van Ginkel, S. Rajaram, I. Ortiz- Monasterio, “Tolerance to waterlogging losses in spring bread wheat: Effect of time of onset on expression,” Annu Wheat News, vol. l40, pp. 165-171, 1994.

T.L. Settler, I. Waters, “Reviews of prospects for germplasm improvement for waterlogging tolerance in wheat, barley and oats,” Plant Soil, vol. 253, pp. 1-34, 2003.

W.I. Gruszeckia, K. Strzaykab, “Carotenoids as modulators of lipid membrane physical properties,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 1740, pp. 108-115, 2005.

F. Płażek, K.M. Dubert, “Cell membrane permeability and antioxidant activities in the rootstocks of Miscanthus x giganteus as an effect of cold and frost treatment,” Journ. of Appl.Botany and Food Quality, vol. 82, pp. 158-162, 2009.

S.R. Pezeshki, “Wetland plant responses to soil flooding,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 46, pp. 299-312, 2001.

Y.B. Dai, Q. Liu, X. Huang, S.Z. Wang, “Flooding-induced membrane damage, lipid oxidation and activated oxygen generation in corn leaves,” Plant and Soil, vol. 179, pp. 268-275, 1996,

B. Vartapetian, M. Jackson,” Plant Adaptations to Anaerobic Stress. Annals of Botany,” vol. 79, pp. 3- 20, 1997.

Y. Leshem, “Membrane phospholipid catabolism and Ca2+ activity in control of senescence,” Physiol Plant, vol. 69, pp. 551-559, 1987.

Z. W. Guo Ou, S. Lu, Q. Zhong, “Differential responses of anti-oxidative system to chilling and drought in four rice cultivars differing in sensitivity,” Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. vol. 44, pp. 828-36, 2006

C. Rosenzweig, F. Tubiello, R. Goldberg, E. Mills, J. Bloomfield, “Increased crop damage in the US from excess precipitation under climate change,” Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy, vol. 12, pp. 197-202, 2002.

A. Petjukevičs, A. Batjuka, N. Škute, “The impact of different levels of sodium chloride on the quantitative changes of chlorophyll and carotenoids in chloroplasts of Elodea canadensis (Michx. 1803),” Biologija, vol. 61(1), pp. 34-41, 2015.

H.K. Lichtenthaler, “Chlorophylls and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes,” Methods Enzymol, vol. 148, pp. 350-383, 1988.

M.E. Ghobadi, M. Ghobadi, A. Zebarjadi, “The Response of Winter Wheat to Flooding,” International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, vol. 5 (6), 2011.

Md. A. Hossain, S. N. Uddin, “Mechanisms of waterlogging tolerance in wheat: Morphological and metabolic adaptations under hypoxia or anoxia,” AJCS, vol. 5(9), pp. 1094-1101, 2011.

B. Huang, J.W. Johnson, D.S. Nesmith, D.C. Bridges, “Root and shoot growth of wheat genotypes in response to hypoxia and subsequent resumption of aeration,” Crop Sci, vol. 34, pp. 1538-1544, 2011.

M. Havaux, “Carotenoids as membrane stabilizers in chloroplasts,” Trends in plant science,” vol. 3(4), pp. 147-151, 1998.

M. B. Ali, E. J. Hahn, K. Y. Paek, “Effects of light intensities on antioxidant enzymes and ma­londialdehyde content during short-term accli­matization on micro-propagated Phalaenopsis plantlet,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 54(2), pp. 109-120, 2005.

W. Stahl, H. Sies. “Antioxidant activity of carotenoids,” Mol Aspects Med, vol. 24, pp. 345-351, 2003.

A.J. Young, G.M. Lowe. “Antioxidant and prooxidant properties of carotenoids,” Arch. Biochem. Biophys, vol. 385, pp. 20-27, 2001.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/etr2019vol1.4084

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.