MINIMIZATION OF SOIL POLLUTION IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

Yulia Mikhailovna Galitskova

Abstract


The development of all spheres of human activity is associated with an increase in anthropogenic pressure on environment. Metropolitan areas and large cities are experiencing the greatest pressure. Both the development of new areas adjacent to built-up areas, as well as operating existing industrial and residential complexes suffer the influences. The article presents the results of a soil study conducted in the city of Novokuibyshevsk to determine the prospects for future growth of the city. Soil samples were taken throughout the city. When choosing the place of sampling, the locations of highways, industrial zones and residential buildings were taken into account. Soil testing was carried out to obtain data on the concentrations of heavy metals (lead, zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, manganese, etc.), as well as sulfates and nitrates. The results were analyzed and contrasted with the standards and results of previous years.

Based on the study of the current state of the soil, the authors assessed the degree of pollution of urban soils in an industrial city. In their study they proposed and developed measures to improve the condition of the soil, namely, analyzed the efficiency of using phytoremediation to reduce soil contamination in residential areas of the city.

 


Keywords


land reclamation; soil contamination; phytoremediation; soil examination; urban areas

Full Text:

PDF

References


O.I. Marari, "Quality of Life in Modern Metropolitan Area: Regional Aspect," in Region: Systems, Economics, Management, vol.4 (15), 2011, pp. 61-65.

I.F. Sukhacheva, L.E. Orlova, O.N. Isakova, L.I. Bedareva, L.V. Pavlova, A.A. Sapukova, T.V. Sudakova, N.M. Toropova, "Health and Hygienic State of the Soil in Samara: Possible Risks to Public Health," in Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Science, vol.1 (6), 2010, pp. 1516-1523.

A.V. Zhogoleva, "Post-Industrial Urban Planning for Steady Development of Urban Areas, Tradition and Innovation" in Construction and Architecture: Urban Planning, Samara, 2015, pp. 54-60.

N.A. Lekareva, "Spatial Resources of the City," in Volga Scientific Journal, vol.3 (31), 2014, pp. 107-110.

E. M. Nikiforova, N. E.Kosheleva, "Dynamics of pollution of urban soils with lead (for example, the eastern district of Moscow)" in Soil science, vol.8, 2007, pp.984-997.

O.V.Plyaskina, D.V.Ladonin "Heavy metal pollution of urban soils," in Eurasian Soil Science, vol.42, № 7, 2009, pp. 816-823.

O.V. Plyaskina, D.V. Ladonin, "Heavy metal pollution of urban soils," in Eurasian Soil Science, vol.42, № 7, 2009, pp. 816-823.

E. M. Kuramshin, N. G.Kuramshina, E. E. Nurtdinova, U. B. Imashev, "Geochemical assessment of heavy metal contamination of urban soils of Bashkortostan" in Bashkir chemical journal, vol. 2, 2015, pp. 74-79.

A.I. Ilyasova, T W Malikova, "Study the possibility of assessing the environmental quality of the City of Ufa with phytoindication" in the II International scientific-practical conference: Ecological safety and protection of the natural environment, 2014, pp. 53-55.

O. G. Beriev, "Soil contamination of urban areas with heavy metals as a factor affecting the health of citizens" in the V International extramural scientific-practical conference, 2015, pp. 168-175.

A. A. Mironov, A. A. Mironov, E. A. Beaver, E. A. Bobrov, "Contamination of urban soils of the Smolensk region" in the Materials of International scientific-practical conference, 2015, pp. 16-18.

T. N. Vasiliev, "Fitoremediation the territory of the Urban agglomeration" in Bulletin of the Orenburg scientific center Ural branch of RAS, 2014, № 2, pp. 12.

T. N. Vasiliev, "Phytoremediation determination of Pb, Cd, Zn in the Orenburg district," in Bulletin of the Orenburg state University, vol.6, 2014, pp. 13-17.

M. V. Dzampaeva, M. V. Zernov, S. A. Bekuzarova, "Rehabilitation of contaminated land," in Proceedings of the international extramural student conference, 2017, pp.303-306.

S. A. Bekuzarova, Turieva V. M., D. A. Gazzaev, "Reducing toxicity of soil," in Works of young scientists of Vladikavkaz scientific centre of the RAS, vol. 4, № 4, 2013, pp. 51-55.

N. P. Nevedrov, "Cultural use of plants to phytoremediation of soils Kursk region" in the Collection of reports and abstracts of the Moscow international summer schools, 2014, pp. 58-63.

I. N. Shilin, "Phytoremediate as a promising method of revitalization mostpromising territories," in Innovations in landscape architecture materials of the VIII scientific-practical conference, 2012, pp. 81-83.

A.I. Murzayeva, Y.M. Galitskova, "Urban soil contamination," in Procedia Engineering, vol. 153, 2016, pp.162-166.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/etr2019vol1.4102

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.