Use Of Plants To Remediate Soil Polluted With Oil

G. Telysheva, L. Jashina, G. Lebedeva, T. Dizhbite, V. Solodovnik, O. Mutere, S. Grigiškis, E. Baškys, J. Aikaite


In the present investigation the growing and development ability of various annual and perennial plants to grow on model peat substrate artificially polluted with oil products in the range of concentrations from 1 to 5% was evaluated. The highest tolerance towards peat contamination by oil products has been demonstrated by three annual crops (maize, oat and lupine). These plants were tested for phytoremediation of polluted black soil from the area of oil refinery plant (Mazeikiai, Lithuania), which was treated by association of oil oxidizing bacteria up to residual concentration of the oil products of 4.5 %. The maize plants revealed the highest remediation ability: oil content in the soil decreased by ~ 1.5 times in one month plant vegetation.


oil oxidizing bacteria; phytoremediation; rizosphere; soil microbiot

Full Text:



Schnorr, J.L., Licht, L.A. McCutcheon, S.C., Wolfe N.L. and Carriera, L.H. Phytoremediation of Organic and Nutrient Contaminants, Environ. Sci. Technol., 29, 1995, p. 318 – 323.

Aprill, W. and Sims, R.C. Evaluation of the use of prairie grasses for stimulating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon treatment in soil, Chemosphere, 20, 1990, p. 253 - 265.

Banks, M.K. Lee, E. Schwab, A.P. Fate of Benzo[a]pyrene in the Rhizosphere of Festuca arundinacea, Journal of Environmental Quality, 28,1999, 294 - 298.

Binet, P. J. Portal, M. and Leyval, C. Dissipation of 3-6-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the rhizosphere of ryegrass, Soil Biol. Biochem., 32, 2000, p. 2011 - 2017.

Liste, H.H and Alexander, M. Accumulation of phenanthrene and pyrene in rhizosphere soil, Chemosphere, 40(1) 2000, p. 11 - 14.

Reilley, K.A. Banks M.K., and Schwab, A.P. Dissipation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the rhizosphere, J. Environ. Qual., 25, 1996, p. 212 - 219.

Miya, R.K. and Firestone, M.K. Phenanthrene-degrader community dynamics in rhizosphere soil from a common annual grass, J. Env. Qual., 29, 2000, p. 584 - 592.

Miya, R.K. and Firestone, M.K. Enhanced Phenanthrene Biodegradation in Soil by Slender Oat Root Exudates and Root Debris, J. Env. Qual. 30, 2001, p. 1911 – 1918.



  • There are currently no refbacks.