Jeļena Lonska


A variety of measurement tools is used to evaluate the territorial development in the world, for instance, indicators, indices, etc. These measurement tools are applied to measure certain regions of a country and to assess the development of a country as well as to compare countries with each other or in relation to the previous years. In Latvia, certain methodology for calculating the level of territorial development has been in place for about 15 years. Parallel to the official methodology, scientists and researchers of Latvia offer use of an alternative methodology and indices for measuring territorial development. Having analysed various theoretical approaches to a relatively new direction of the economic science within the framework of Economics of Development, the author of the research offers her own perception of the conceptual nature of the territorial development: the key indicator of any territorial development is related to People, their material well–being, and health, level of education, spirituality, and overall satisfaction with life. In other words, a developed territory is the one, where the number of people increased, and these people are wealthy, healthy, educated, spiritually developed, and satisfied with their lives, but a relatively more developed territory is the one, where these indicators are higher. In order to understand interrelation between the development elements, the author of this article on the basis of elements of the newly developed methodological model of measurement of territorial development, analyses their correlation, considering the world’s countries as an object and building on the available official statistical information and qualitative research data.


developmental economics; territorial development indices; methodological model; happiness; life satisfaction

Full Text:



BOHNKE, P. (2005). First European Quality of Life Survey: Life satisfaction,

happiness and sense of belonging. European Foundation for the Improvement

of Living and Working Conditions. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications

of the European Communities, 2005. 112 p.

BOROŅENKO, V. (2007). Klasteru pieeja reģionu attīstībai zināšanu ekonomikas

apstākļos. Daugavpils: DU akadēmiskais apgāds „Saule”, 2007. 348 lpp.

CAMAGNI, R., CAPELLO, R., CHIZZOLINI, P. (eds.) (2008). Regional

Competitiveness: Towards a Theory of Territorial Capital. Modelling Regional

Scenarios for the Enlarged Europe: European Competitiveness and Global

Strategies. Berlin: Springer–Verlag XVI, 2008. 321 p.

CAMAGNI, R., CAPELLO, R., NIJKAMP, P. (eds.) (2009). Territorial Capital and

Regional Development. Handbook of Regional Growth and Development

Theories, Northampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar Publ., 2009, pp. 118–132.

GIFFINGER, R. (2008). Territorial Capital – Understanding and Challenges for

a Knowledge Based Strategic Approach. Territorium, No.8, 2008, pp. 7–15.

GOULET, D. (1977). The cruel choice: A new concept in the theory of

development. Atheneum, 1st edition, 1977. 360 p.

JOHNSON, H.G. (1966). The Neoclassical One–sector Growth Model: A

Geometrical Exposition and Extension to a Monetary Economy. Economica,

Vol.33, 1966, pp.265–287.

KLUGMAN, J. (2011). Human Development Report 2011. United States of

America: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 178 p.

KRUGMAN, P. (1991). Geography and Trade. MIT Press: Cambridge, 1991.

LAYARD, R. (2005). Happiness: Lessons From a New Science. United States of

America: Penguin Books Ltd, 2005. 310 p.

ROSTOW, W. (1960). The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non–Communist

Manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

SCHWAB, K., SALA–I–MARTIN, X. (2011). The Global Competitiveness Report

–2012. World Economic Forum, Geneva 2011. 528 p.

SEN, A. (1983). Development: Which Way Now? Economic Journal, Royal

Economic Society. 1983. Vol. 93(372), 742–762 pp.

THIRLWALL, A.P. (2011). Economics of Development. Palgrave Macmillan,

678 p.

TODARO, M.P., SMITH, S.C. (2011). Economic Development (11th Edition) (The

Pearson Series in Economics). Prentice Hall, 2011. 801 p.

CAMAGNI, R., CARAGLIU, A., PERUCCA, G. (2011) Territorial Capital: Relational

and Human Capital [tiešsaiste]. Il Capitale Territoriale: scenari quali–

quantitativi di superamento della crisi economica, Politecnico di Milano, 2011[2011.g. 20.dec.]. Pieejas veids: http://www.inter–

CAPELLO, R., CARAGLIU, A., NIJKAMP, P. (2009). Territorial Capital and

Regional Growth: Increasing Returns in Cognitive Knowledge Use [tiešaiste].

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper TI 2009–059/3. Pieejas veids: [2011.g. 20.dec.].

EASTERLIN, R. (1974). Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot? Some

Empirical Evidence [tiešsaiste]. P.A.David & M.W.Reder (Eds.), Nations and

Households in Economic Growth, Academic Press, New York, 89–125 pp

g. 18.janv.]. Pieejas veids:


INGLEHART, R., FOA, R. u.c. (2008). Development, Freedom, and Rising

Happiness: A Global Perspective (1981–2007) [tiešsaiste]. The World Values

Survey, Association for Psychological Science, Perspectives on Psychological

Science Volume 3–Number 4 [atsauce 2012.g.10.feb.]. Pieejas veids:


Map of Happiness [tiešsaiste]. ASEP/JDS datu bāze [2012.g. 10.janv.]. Pieejas



O'HEARN, D. (2009). Amartya Sen's Development as Freedom: Ten Years Later

[tiešsaiste]. Policy & Practice: A Development Education Review, Vol. 8, Spring

, 9–15 pp [2012.g. 05.janv.]. Pieejas veids:–focus1?page=2

PRESTON, S. (1975). The Changing Relation between Mortality and Level of

Economic Development [tiešsaiste]. Population Studies Vol.29, No.2. Great

Britain, 1975, 231–248 pp. [2012.g. 16.janv.]. Pieejas veids:

VALTENBERGS, V. (2011). Vidzemes ilgtermiņa attīstības scenāriju ieteikumi un

rekomendācijas [tiešaiste]. Prezentācija Vidzemes plānošanas reģiona

attīstības padomes sēdē. Pieejas veids:

f [skat. 2011.g. 21.dec.].

World Bank data base [tiešsaiste]. Pieejas veids: [2012.g.


Ранговые корреляции и взаимосвязи в педагогических экспериментах

[tiešsaiste]. Алгоритмика, Статистика и Теория Вероятностей [atsauce

g. 08.janv.]. Pieejas veids:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jeļena Lonska