Iluta Arbidane, Nonna Khachatryan, Daina Znotina


The aim of the paper is to analyse various research studies in regard to teaching strategy in PhD programmes within the Bologna education area and to give recommendations aimed at the development of educational process structuring in the third level of higher education. Novelty of the research – an analysis on the effective implementation of doctoral studies was conducted, emphasizing the implementation of them in Latvia and Armenia. Research methods – analysis of documents, logical construction and the graphical method. The paper discusses the effective approaches of PhD programmes to teaching strategies that are focused on formation of outcomes, such as interpersonal and leadership skills, project management and organization, research and information management, self-management and career development. Nowadays, it is highly important to remodel the educational strategy, targeted at the PhD student’s transferable skills acquisition, through avoiding unnecessary theoretical educational modules and academic training pressure.


competitive learning outcomes, doctoral studies, Salzburg principles, transferable skills of a PhD student

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