Description of the Interim Peculiarities of Mental Developmental and Learning Disturbances

Rasma Vīgante


More and more pupils with special needs, including those with learning disturbances and simple mental developmental disturbances, are attending general comprehensive educational institution. It is often difficult in practice to define clearly and differentiate these two kinds of disturbances, especially in borderline cases or in the interim stage because then the features and manifestations of learning disturbances and simple mental developmental disturbances partly overlap and change. The novelty of the article is the analysis of the interim peculiarities and manifestations of these two disturbances which will allow teachers to understand better the main learning difficulties of such pupils and to choose the corresponding kinds of pedagogical support and methods as well as the correction and compensation possibilities.


learning disturbances; retention of psychic development; simple mental developmental disturbances; interim stage

Full Text:



Ainscow, M. (2007) From special education to effective schools for all: a review of progress so far. In Florian, L. (Ed.) The SAGE Handbook of Special Education. London: SAGE Publication.

Ancāne, G., Užāns, A. u.c. (2011). Rokasgrāmata skolotājiem, strādājošiem specializētajās iestādēs bērniem ar psihiskās veselības traucējumiem. Eiropas sociālais fonds, 55 lpp.

Bird, G., Buckley, S. (2010). Number Skills for Chlidren with Down Syndrome (5 – 11 years) In: Down Syndrome online. [tiešsaiste] - [atsauce 08. 02. 2012.]. Pieejams:

Buckley, S., Gillian, B. (2009). Speech and Language Development for Children with Down Syndrome (5 – 11 years). In: Down Syndrome online. [tiešsaiste] - [atsauce 02. 10. 2011.]. Pieejams:

Buckley, S. (2009)b. Reading and Writing for Individuals with Down Syndrome – an Overview. In: Down Syndrome online. Reading and Writing [tiešsaiste] - [atsauce 04. 10. 2011.]. Pieejams:

Byrne, A., Buckley, S. (2009). The Significance of Maternal Speech Styles for Children with Down Syndrome. In: Down Syndrome online. [tiešsaiste] - [atsauce 04. 11. 2011.]. Pieejams:

Darling-Hammond, L., Richardson, N. (2009). Policies that support Professional development in an era of reform. In: Educational Leadership, 2009, Vol. 66, Nr. 5, P. 47 – 53

Farr, S. (2010). Teaching as Leadership: The Highly Effective Teachers Guide to Closing the Achievement Gap. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. P. 43

Gootkina, N. I. (2010). School readiness in the context of the problem of presschool and primary school education continuity. Psychological science and education. Perspectives on early childhood care and education. (3), P. 85 - 91

Krouse, S.& Louis K. S. (2009). Building strong school cultures: a guide to leading change. Thousand Oaks:Corwin Press

Litle, D. (2009). The European Language Portfolio: where pedagogy andassessment meet. DGIV EDU LANG

MacDonald, J. (2009). Communication Problems and Down Syndrome. [tiešsaiste] - [atsauce 07. 01. 2012.]. Pieejams:

Merezenich, M. (2009). Down Syndrome Children can greatly Benefit from early Training. In: On the Brain [tiešsaiste] - [atsauce 21. 01. 2012.]. Pieejams: http://merzenich.positscience.

Moeller, I. (2007). Just a bit different. Scientific American Reports. Special Edition on Child Development. June, P. 42 – 47

Noteikumi par Latvijas izglītības klasifikāciju. Ministru kabineta 2008.gada 2.decembra noteikumi Nr. 990 Pieejams:

Porter, A. (2008). Intercultural Education in Europe. Intercultural Education, 19, No. 6

Starptautiskā statistiska slimību un veselības problēmu klasifikācija. (1997). statistiska-slimibu-un-veselibasproblemu-klasifikacija-10-redakcija-ss

Бабкина, Н.В. (2006). Интеллектуальное развитие младших школьников с задержкой психического развития. Пособие для школьного психолога. М.: Школьная Пресса. C. 80

Гаврилушкина, О. П. (2010). Peбeнok oтстaeт в развитии? Ceмeйнaя школa. М.: DPOФA. C. 207

Маркитанова, Р.М. (2006). Актуальные проблемы организации и содержания обучения детей с отклонениями в развитии в условиях школы надомного обучения. Коррекционная педагогика, научно - методический журнал 3(15). C. 15 - 26

Забрамная, С.Д. (1995). Умственная отсталость и отграничение ее от сходных состояний. Психолого-педагогическая диагностика умственного развития детей. М.: Просвещение, Владос. C. 5 - 13

Шевченко, С. Г. (2003). Подготовка к школе детей с задержкой психического развития. Книга 1 / Под общей ред. С.Г. Шевченко. М.: Школьная Пресса. C. 96



  • There are currently no refbacks.