PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF TRAVELERS NEEDS QUESTIONNAIRE (TNQ)

Jeļena Ļevina, Jeļena Koļesņikova, Tatjana Kanonire

Abstract


The purpose of this research was to develop the Travelers Needs Questionnaire (TNQ), which measures travelers’ needs, and to determine its psychometric properties. The TNQ was developed for travelers with native Russian language from different countries: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, the Baltic States. The sample consisted of 237 participants aged from 17 to 68 years (26.2 % male, 73.8 % female, mean age M = 30.49, SD = 9.21). The factorial validity of the TNQ was established using principal components analysis with varimax rotation; this yielded seven factors: Professional Realization, Pilgrimage, Personal Development, Cultural Development, Sport, Physical Hedonism and Communication. All the TNQ scales had high internal consistency. The reaction and discrimination indices satisfied the accepted psychometric criteria. The further stage of the TNQ development would be the confirmatory factor analysis in broader international sample, the concurrent and convergent validity establishing, and test-retest reliability examination.


Keywords


travelers’ needs; factorial validity; reliability

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Educational Research Association (AERA), American Psychological Association (APA), and the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME). (1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Crocker, L., & Algina, J. (1986). Introduction to classical and modern test theory. New York: CBS College Publishing.

Crompton, J. L. (1979). Motivation for pleasure vacation. Annals of Tourism Research, 6, 408-424.

Crompton, J. L., & McKay, S. L. (1997). Motives of visitors attending festival events. Annals of Tourism Research, 24, 425-439.

Cronbach, L. J. (1984). Essentials of psychological testing (4th ed.). New York: Harper and Row.

DeVellis, R. F. (2003). Scale development: Theory and applications. London: Sage Publications.

James, W. (1890). The principles of psychology. New York: Henry Holt and Company, pp.291-401.

Kline, P. (2000). The handbook of psychological testing (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

Kim, Y.G., & Eves, A. (2012). Construction and validation of a scale to measure tourist motivation to consume local food. Tourism Management, 33, 1458-1467.

Maslow, A.H. (1970). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper & Row.

Matzler, K. & Siller, H.J. (2003). Linking travel motivations with perceptions of destinations: The case of youth travelers in Alpine summer and winter tourism. Tourism Review, 58 (4), 6-11.

McIntosh, R. W., Goeldner, C. R., & Ritchie, J. R. (1995). Tourism principles, practices, philosophies (7th ed.). New York: Wiley.

Mohr, K., Backman, K.F., Gahan L.W., & Backman, S.J. (1993). An investigation of festival motivations and event satisfaction by visitor type. Festival Management and Event Tourism, 1(3), 89–97.

Moscardo, G., Morrison, A.M., Pearce, P.L., Lang, C-T., & O’Leary, J.T. (1996). Understanding destination vacation choice through travel motivation and activities. Journal of Vacation Marketing 2 (2), 109–122.

Moscardo, G. & Pearce, P.L. (1986). Historical theme parks: An Australian experience in authenticity. Annals of Tourism Research, 13 (3), 467-479.

Netemeyer, R. G., Bearden, W. O., & Sharma, S. (2003). Scaling procedures: Issues and applications. London: Sage Publications.

Nuttin, J. (1962). Psychanalyse et conception spiritualiste de I'homme. Paris, P.U.F.

Pearce, P.L. (1988) The ulysses factor: Evaluating visitors in tourist settings. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Pearce, P.L. (1993). Fundamentals of tourist motivation. In D. Pearce & R. Butler (Eds.), Tourism research: Critiques and challenges (pp. 85-105). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Pearce, P.L. (2005). Tourist behaviour: Themes and conceptual schemes. Channel View Publications.

Pearce, P.L. & Caltabiano, M.L. (1983). Inferring travel motivation from travelers’ experiences. Journal of Travel Research, 23 (3), 576-598.

Pearce, P.L. & Lee, U. (2005). Developing the traveler career approach to tourist motivation. Journal of Traveler Research, 43, 29-39.

Uysal, M., Gahan, L., & Martin, B. (1993). An examination of event motivations: A case study. Festival Management and Event Tourism, 1, 5–10.

Wahab, S.E. (1975). Tourism management. London: Tourism International Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2016vol1.1523

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.