POVERTY AND PROSPERITY VIEWED BY THE VIDZEMES TEACHERS

Sandra Mihailova

Abstract


This article analyses the opinions about the difference between poverty and prosperity among the teachers, it seeks to find the border between these phenomena; it summarizes the teachers' ideas of how to diminish poverty and use one's own money effectively in times of prosperity. By using the open ended questionnaire the results of 1 teacher groups from schools of 2 Latvian districts were analyzed. Summarizing the results one can conclude that the interviewed teachers with the word "poverty" and "prosperity" understand material things. Teachers associate money the means of living which is acquired by working and earning. None of the respondents admitted that they would ask for help, look for support and receive the social benefits or would seek for the cause of poverty within themselves in case of experiencing poverty. In case of becoming prosperous the teachers will meet all their needs and then be ready to share with others. Almost all teachers' answers disclosed that they will spend money rather than invest it and make accumulation or accruals. The interviewed teacher did not make any original proposal to resolve poverty issue. The main boundary between poverty and wealth is the amount of money which allows or does not allow meeting their own needs and desires thus ensuring certain way of life or life style. The second boundary is the place of living and appearance. Essential boundary is also emotional comfort or discomfort, a happy relationship or lack of it. It should be noted that this study only shows the trend since a very specific selection of respondents was involved. However, it allows making the assumption that teachers had a healthy attitude towards money and hardly any teacher had a negative attitude towards money or prosperity, however, everybody believed that poverty can be avoided by working and earning money. Thus it is possible to conclude that the teachers of this selection don't hold the "ideology of low-income people".

Keywords


poverty and prosperity; opinion of teachers; value; monetary behavior; money psychology; socio-economic behavior

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, V. (Ed.), (1970) Psychological factors in poverty. Chicago: Markham Publishing Company

Ancāne, G. (2010) Atstumto latviešu nabadzība un no galvas pūstošā zivs. Iegūts 2011.g. 5.martā no http://www.politika.lv/temas/sabiedribas_integracija/3849/

Bradshaw, J., Y. Chzhen, C. de Neubourg, Main, G., Martorano, B., & Menchini, L. (2012). Relative Income Poverty among Children in Rich Countries, Innocenti Working Paper 2012-01, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/iwp_2012_01.pdf 2.

Bramesfeld, K. & Good, A. (2015) The Game of Social Life: An Assessment of a Multidimensional Poverty Simulation. Teaching Sociology, 43(2), 92–103

Carr, S. (2003). Poverty and psychology: An introduction. In S. Carr&T. Sloan (Eds.),Poverty and psychology: From global perspective to local practice (pp. 1-15). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Curran, L. (2002). The psychology of poverty: Professional social work and aid to dependent children in postwar America: 1946-1963. Social Service Review, September, 365-386.

Dobelniece, S. (2000) Nabadzības kultūras veidošanās Latvijā. No: A.Stepčenko, A.(red.). Nauda. Dzīvesstils. Identitāte. LU Zinātniskie raksti, 629.sēj., (195-202.lpp.). Rīga: LU

Dorling, D. & Ballas, D. (2008) Spatial Divisions of Poverty and Wealth. In Ridge, T. , Wright, S. (Eds) Understanding Poverty, Wealth and Inequality: Policies and Prospects (pp.103-134). Bristol: Policy Press.

Eiropas Komisija (2009) Eirobarometra pētījums par nabadzību un sociālo atstumtību, 2009. Luksemburga: Eiropas Savienības Publikāciju birojs. Iegūts 2011. g. 5.martā no http://www.2010againstpoverty.eu/extranet/Eurobarometre_091216_LV.pdf

Falk, A., & Szech, N. (2013) Morals and Markets. Science 10, 340, 707 -711.

Gino, S., & Mogilne, C. (2013) Time, money and morality. Psychological Science 6. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/12/06/0956797613506438.abstract

Goldstein, A. (1973). Structured learning therapy: Toward a psychotherapy for the poor. New York: Academic Press.

Grava, E., & Stoligvo, L. (2010) Nauda – personiskā psiholoģiskā katastrofa? Psiholoģija Mums, 3, 34.- 43.

Jirgena, S. (2006) Jaunieši un adiktīva uzvedība. Rīga: Drukātava.

Karpova, Ā. (1994). Personība un individuālais stils. Rīga: LU.

Landmane, D. (2008) Nabadzības atribūcija un attieksme pret trūcīgajiem. No: S.Miezīte, I.Austers (red.) Latvijas Universitātes raksti, 729. sēj.: Psiholoģija , (17.–27. lpp.). Rīga: LU

Lewis, O. (1975). Five families: Mexican case studies in the culture of poverty. New York: arperCollins Publishers.

Lilienfelde, A.(2006) Nauda ir tilts uz mērķi. Saruna ar Dagmāru Beitneri. Psiholoģijas pasaule, 7, 16.-21.

LIZDA brīdinājuma streika prasības. Iegūts 2016.gada 20.martā no http://www.lizda.lv/?jaunums=1342

Medeiros, M., & Ferreira de Souza, P. (2014). The Rich, the Affluent and the Top Incomes: a Literature Review. IRLE Working Paper, 105-14. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://irle.berkeley.edu/workingpapers/105-14.pdf;

Mihailova, S. (2012) Nabadzība un pārticība dažādu specialitāšu Latvijas studenšu skatījumā. A.Medveckis (Red.) Sabiedrība un kultūra. Rakstu krājums XIV (385.-393.lpp.). Liepāja: LiePA.

Mihailova, S. (2012) Poverty and Money: A Psychological View. No: V.Boroņenko (red) Sociālo Zinātņu Vēstnesis, 2 (15), (pp.78 – 100.). Daugavpils: DU

Mihailova, S. (2012) Socio-economic Aspect of Poverty: Latvian Educators Monetary Representations. In L.Vilka (Eds) 4th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference „Society. Health. Welfare”. Abstracts. (pp. 73-74). Rīga: Rīga Stradiņš University.

Moreira, V. (2003). Poverty and psychopathology. In S. Carr & T. Sloan (Eds.), Poverty and psychology: From global perspective to local practice (pp. 69-86). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Neubourg, C., Bradshaw, J., Chzhen, Y., Main, G., Martorano, B. & Menchini, L. (2012) Child Deprivation, Multidimensional Poverty and Monetary Poverty in Europe, Innocenti Working Paper 2012-02, Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http: //www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/iwp_2012_02.pdf

Pearl, A. (1970). The poverty of psychology: An indictment. In V. Allen (Ed.), Psychological factors in poverty (pp. 348-364). Chicago: Markham Publishing Company.

Putniņa, A., Birzniece, I., Bērsone u.c. (2012) Jauniešu finanšu lietpratība. Pētījuma ziņojums. Rīga: LU. Iegūts 2014.g. 5.oktobrī no http://lka.org.lv/lv/aktualitates/LU_petiuma_zinojums_finansu_lietpratiba_27_06_2012.pdf

Raščevska, M. (Red.) (2011) Psiholoģijas doktora studiju programmas un doktorantūras skolas vadlīnijas metodiskie norādījumi promocijas darba izstrādei. Rīga: LU.

Rainwater, L. (1970). Neutralizing the disinherited: Some psychological aspects of understanding the poor. In V. Allen (Ed.), Psychological factors in poverty (pp. 9-28). Chicago: Markham Publishing Company.

Rokeach, M. (1968). Beliefs, attitudes and values. San Francisko: Jossey-Bass.

Searle, B. A., & Köppe, S. (2014) Assets, savings and wealth, and poverty: A review of evidence. Final report to the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Bristol: Personal Finance Research Centre, Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://www.bristol.ac.uk/media-library/sites/geography/pfrc/pfrc1405-assets-savings-wealth-poverty.pdf

Stabiņš, J.(2001) Skolotāja misija. Rīga: RaKa

Turner, K., & Lehning, A. J. (2007) Psychological Theories of Poverty. Journal of human behavior and the Social environment, 16, 57.-72.

Vilks, A. (2010) Krīze sabiedrībā-sociālā deviācija vai norma? No A.Lapsa (Red.). RSU Zinātniskie raksti, 2009., 2sēj. (130.-136.). Rīga: RSU,

Williams, J. (2015) Poor men with money. Current Antropology, 56, 24.-32.

Wolbring, T., Keuschnigg, M., & Negele, E. (2013) Needs, Comparisons, and Adaptation: The Importance of Relative Income for Life Satisfaction. Eur opean Sociological Review, 1, 86-104

Журавлев, А.Л., & Дробышева, Т.В. (2009) Представления младших школьников о бедных и богатых: методология исследования. Вестник практической психологии образования, 2(19), 33.-39.

Морозова, М. (2006) Психология богатства и бедности. Iegūts 2014.g. 5.oktobrī no http://www.sunhome.ru/psychology/1926/p2

Семенов, М. Ю. (2004) Особенности отношения к деньгам людей с разным уровнем личностной зрелости. Диссертация. Ярославль.

Шаповал, И., А., (2014) Субъективное качество жизни в психологии бедности. Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru, 6 (4), 207.-218.

Фенько, А. (2005) Люди и деньги: очерки психологии потребления. Москва: Класс.

Ферхам, А., & Аргайл, М. (2005) Деньги. Психология денег и финансового поведения. Санкт-петербург: прайм – ЕВРОЗНАК.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2016vol1.1526

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.