BACK PAIN CHARACTERISTICS IN PHYSICAL AND OFFICE WORKERS

Maciej Swiat, Katarzyna Kozłowska, Anna Pilis, Lucyna Ptaszkowska, Wieslaw Pilis, Krzysztof Stec

Abstract


The aim of our study was to characterize back pain according to the occupation comprising physical  and office work. Accordingly questionnaires from 100 physical workers (PW) and 100 office workers (OW) were collected.  This dedicated questionnaire included 19 questions, of which 7 concerned demographic, work and stature features and 12 concerned back pain.  Collected data showed that lower back pain was more common in PW but cervical pain in OW (p<0.001). Most common aetiology of back pain was spinal osteoarthritis, sciatica and scoliosis but of different spread in two groups (p<0.001).
The history of back pain was most often above 5 years and there were significant differences in frequency, intensity and pain handling methods between groups (p<0.005). Back pain prophylaxis was well acknowledged in both groups (85% in OW, 91% in PW). Regular physical activity was considered the main prophylaxis method  (67% in PW, 89% in OW) and similarly incorporated in both groups (p=0.691) however OW more often performed physical exercises (p<0.001). Physical therapy was used in both groups (PW 100%, OW 92%, p=0.004) but with variable efficacy according to responders. To conclude there were multiple differences between both groups in terms of the pain characteristic but with similar awareness and incorporated prophylaxis.

Keywords


back pain; occupation; prophylaxis; therapy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bevan S, Quadrello T, McGee R, Mahdon M, Vavrovsky A, Barham L. Fit for work? (2009). Musculoskeletal disorders in the European workforce. The Work Foundation, Available from: http://www.fitforworkeurope.eu/Website-Documents/Fit%20for%20Work%20pan-European%20report.pdf.

Coggon D, Ntani G, Palmer KT, et all (2013), Disabling musculoskeletal pain in working populations: is it the job, the person, or the culture? Pain, 154, 856-63.

Ekman A, Andersson A, Hagberg M, Hjelm EW (2000), Gender differences in musculoskeletal health of computer and mouse users in the Swedish workforce; Occupational Medicine. 50, 608-13.

Fejer R Ohm Kyvik K, Hartvigsen J (2006), The prevalence of neck pain in the world population: a systematic critical review of the literature; European Spine Journal, 15, 834–84.

GBP 2016 DALYs and HALE Collaborators (2017). Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016; Lancet, 390, 1260–1344.

Hartvigsen J, Leboeuf-Yde C, Lings S, Corder EH (2000). Is sitting-while-at-work associated with low back pain? A systematic, critical literature review; Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 28(3), 230-9

Heneweer H, Staes F, Aufdemkampe G, van Rijn M, Vanhees L. (2011), Physical activity and low back pain: a systematic review of recent literature. European Spine Journal, 20, 826–845.

Heuch I, Heuch I, Hagen K, Zwart (2017), Physical activity level at work and risk of chronic low back pain: A follow-up in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. PLoS One, 10, 12.

Klussmann A, Gebhardt H, Liebers F, Rieger MA. (2008), Musculoskeletal symptoms of the upper extremities and the neck: a cross-sectional study on prevalence and symptom-predicting factors at visual display terminal (VDT) workstations, BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 27, 96.

Mendelek F, Kheir RB, Caby I, Thevenon A, Pelayo P. (2011), On the quantitative relationships between individual/occupational risk factors and low back pain prevalence using nonparametric approaches, Joint Bone Spine, 78(6), 619-24.

Oha K1, Animägi L, Pääsuke M, Coggon D, Merisalu E. (2014), Individual and work-related risk factors for musculoskeletal pain: a cross-sectional study among Estonian computer users. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15, 181.

Punnett L, Bergqvist U (1997), Visual Display Unit Work and Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Review of Epidemiological Findings, (p.16). Solna, Sweden. National Institute for Working Life (Arbetslivsinstitutet), Arbete och Hälsa

Sarquis L, Coggon D, Ntani G (2016), Classification of neck/shoulder pain in epidemiological research: a comparison of personal and occupational characteristics, disability and prognosis among 12,195 workers from 18 countries: Pain, 157, 1028–1036.

Shiri R, Euro U, Heliövaara M et all (2017), Lifestyle Risk Factors Increase the Risk of Hospitalization for Sciatica: Findings of Four Prospective Cohort Studies; The American Journal of Medicine, 130, 1408-1414.

Younes M, Béjia I, Aguir Z, Letaief M, Hassen-Zrour S, Touzi M, Bergaoui (2006), Prevalence and risk factors of disk-related sciatica in an urban population in Tunisia, Joint Bone Spine, 73, 538-42.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2018vol1.3137

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.