CORRELATION BETWEEN TYPE D PERSONALITY TRAITS AND PROBLEM SOLVING IN STUDENTS

Velga Sudraba, Ilze Strīķe

Abstract


Type D personality is characterized by the synergic effects of two persistent personality traits: negative affectivity combined with simultaneous suppression of these emotions in social situations to avoid disapproval or rejection. Type D personality traits are more prominent in certain professions and specialties, including assistance and care, which affect both behavior and problem solving in many ways, resulting in emotionally focused problem solving and avoidance style. The aim of the study - determine the relationship between Type D personality traits and problem-solving skills in students. Research question: Is there a correlation between Type D personality traits and problem-solving skills? 160 students from two faculties of Rīga Stradiņš University participated in the study - Faculty of Public Health and Social Welfare and Faculty of Rehabilitation. The permission from the Ethics Committee of Rīga Stradiņš University was obtained to do the research. Data were obtained electronically in May 2019. Three surveys were used in the research: Three questionnaires are used in the study: demographic questionnaire, DS14: Standard Assessment of Negative Affectivity, Social Inhibition, and Type D Personality and Problem Solving Inventory. The study found a statistically significant positive correlation between the level of social inhibition and the level of negative affectivity, there is a statistically significant positive correlation between the level of problem solving and the level of avoidance style, there is a statistically significant negative correlation between the age of the respondents and the level of negative affectivity and there is a statistically significant positive correlation between the level of negative affectivity and the level of problem solving.


Keywords


D type personality; negative affectivity; social inhibition; students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, G., & Kazantzis, N. (2008). Social Problem-Solving Skills Training for Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability: A Multiple Case Study. Behaviour Change, 25(2), 97–108.

Āre, A., Lauva, E., & Seimane, S. (2016). D tipa personības iezīmes: stenda ziņojums. Rīga: Latvijas Universitātes P. Stradiņa medicīnas koledža.

Arslan, C. (2016). Interpersonal Problem Solving, Self-Compassion and Personality Traits in University Students. Academic Journals, 11(7), 474–481.

Baltaci, Ö., & Hamarta, E. (2013). Analyzing the relationship between social anxiety, social support and problem solving approach of university students. Education and Science, 38, 226–240.

Borkoles, E., Kaiseler, M., Evans, A., Ski, C.F., Thompson, D.R., & Polman, R. (2018). Type D personality, stress, coping and performance on a novel sport task. PloS one, 13(4), e0196692.

Carstensen, L.L., & DeLiema, M. (2018). The positivity effect: a negativity bias in youth fades with age. Current opinion in behavioral sciences, 19, 7–12.

D’Zurilla, T.J., & Chang, E.C. (1995). The relations between social problem solving and coping. Cognit. Therapy Res, 19(5), 547-562.

De Fruyt, F., & Denollet, J. (2002). Type D personality: A Five Factor Model perspective. Psychol Health, 17(5), 671–683.

Deniz, M.E. (2004). Investigation of the relation between decision self-esteem, decision making style and problem solving skill of the university students. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 4(15), 23–35.

Denollet, J. (2005). DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition and Type D personality. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 89–97.

D'Zurilla, T.J., Maydeu-Olivares, A., & Gallardo-Pujol, D. (2011). Predicting social problem solving using personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(2):142–147.

Erenler, A.G. (2007). The relation between problem solution skills and concerns of emergency service nurses. Master's Thesis of Marmara University, Istanbul.

Geuens, N., Braspenning, M., Van Bogaert, P., & Franck, E. (2015). Individual vulnerability to burnout in nurses: The role of Type D personality within different nursing specialty areas, Burnout Research, 2(2–3), 80–86.

Hamarta, E. (2009). A prediction of self-esteem and life satisfaction by social problem solving. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 37, 73–82.

Heppner, P.P. & Petersen, C.H. (1982). The development and implications of a personal problem-solving inventory. J. of Counseling Psychology, 29(1), 66–75.

Hill, P.L., Mroczek, D.K., & Young, R.K. (2014). Traits as Potential Moderators of Well-Being: Setting a Foundation for Future Research, Academic Press, 245–259. DOI: doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-411478-4.00012-6.

Kim, Y.H., Kim, S.R., Kim, Y.O., Kim, J.Y., Kim, H.K., & Kim, H.Y. (2017). Influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction in clinical nurses: the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(4), 905–916.

McMurran, M., & McGuire, J. (2005). Social problem solving and offending: evidence, evaluation, and evoluation. New Delhi: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Mols, F., & Denollet, J. (2010). Type D personality in the general population: A systematic review of health status, mechanisms of disease, and work-related problems. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 8, 9. DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-8-9

Moryś, J.M., Bellwon, J., Jeżewska, M., Adamczyk, К., & Gruchała M. (2015). The evaluation of stress coping styles and type D personality in patients with coronary artery disease. Cardiologia Polska, 75(7), 557–566.

Mroczek, D. K. & Kolarz, C. M. (1998). The Effect of Age on Positive and Negative Affect: A Developmental Perspective on Happiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(5):1333–1349. DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.75.5.1333.

Neo, M., & Neo, K.T. (2001). Innovative teaching: using multimedia in a problembased learning environment. Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 4(4), 19–31.

Oginska-Bulik, N. (2006). Occupational stress and its consequences in healthcare professionals: the role of type D personality. Int J Occup Med Environ Health, 19(2), 113–122.

Olivares-Olivares, S. L., & López-Cabrera, M. V. (2014). Self-Assessment of Problem Solving Disposition in Medical Students. Journal of Biomedical Education. ID 161204.

Pētrsone, L., & Asmine, A. (2015). Šizofrēnijas pacientu vadības funkcijas, emociju regulācija un problēmu risināšanas prasmes: bakalaura darbs. Rīga: Latvijas Universitāte.

Polman, R., Borkoles, E., & Nicholls, A.R. (2009). Type D personality, stress, and symptoms of burnout: The influence of avoidance coping and social support. Br J Health Psychol, 15(3), 681–696. DOI: 10.1348/135910709X479069

Stein, D.J., Hollander, E., & Rothbaum, B.O. (2009). Textbook of anxiety disorders. Arlington. USA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Sudha, P., & Reddy, B.S.K. (2017). Problem solving coping style in relation to personality type, health behavior and life satisfaction among cardiovascular patients. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 8(12), 1493–1496.

Sukran, E.P., Gulay, Y., & Neslihan, S. (2018). Investigating the psychological resilience, self-confidence and problem-solving skills of midwife candidates. Nurse Education Today, 64, 144 – 149.

Szabo, M. & Lovibond, P.F. (2002). Worry episodes and perceived problem solving: A diary-based approach. Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 16(2), 175–187.

Taylor, C. (1997). Problem solving in clinical nursing practice. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26, 329–336. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.1997.1997026329.x 08

Van Elderen, T., Maes, S., & Dusseldorp, E. (1999). Coping with coronary heart disease: A longitudinal study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 47(2), 175–183.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2020vol6.5026

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.