Asta Šarkauskienė


Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of 5th grade pupils regarding Olympic values. Methods: A qualitative study using the survey method was conducted from January until March, 2019. The participants of this study were 416 fifth grade pupils (49.0 % girls), ranging from 11 to 12 years old, from seven randomly selected general education schools in Klaipeda County (Lithuania). The questionnaire design was considered suitable for discovering the range of knowledge, skills and attitudes about Olympic values. The survey was created and pilot tested internally. The final version contained 35 questions, including five demographic questions and 30 questions related to the Olympic values. Results: The Olympic value, which was found to be the most developed, is Friendship: which is at a high level. The Olympic values of Excellence and Respect both were at an average level. The worst results were with the Olympic value of Fair Play. Conclusion: Pupils have a high level of knowledge of Olympic values (Excellence, Respect, Friendship, Joy of Effort, and Fair Play), but have poorer results regarding their skills and attitudes. The level of attitudes towards the Olympic value of Fair play is low.



Fair Play; Olympic values; pupils

Full Text:



Adams, R.E., Santo, J.B., & Bukowski, W.M. ( 2011). The presence of a best friend buffers the effects of negative experience. Developmental Psychology, 47, 1786–1792. DOI: 10.1037/a0025401.

Adaškevičienė, E. & Budreikaitė, A. (2007). 12–14 metų mokinių požiūris į kilnų elgesį ir jo raiška sportinėje veikloje [Attitude of 12-14 year old pupils towards fair play and its expression in sport]. Sporto mokslas, 3 49), 72‒77.

Berndt, T.J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7 – 10. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8721.00157.

Binder, D. (2005). Teaching Olympism in schools: Olympic education as a focus on values education. Bellaterra: Centre d‘Estudis Olimpics.

Binder, D. (2007). Teaching values: An Olympic education toolkit. Lausanne: IOC. Retrieved from

Bulatova. M. (2011). The Establishment of the NOAs and their role in Olympic education. In Georgiadis, K. International Olympic academy: 50 years of Olympic education. Athens: IOA.

Čiužas, A. et al. (2005). Akademinis jaunimas: gyvenimo būdas ir vertybės. [Academic Youth: Lifestyle and Values]. Vilnius: VPU.

Filis, C. (2014). Olympic legacy: the role of the youth. In Georgiadis, K. The reinforcement of olympism through youth. Athens: IOA.

Georgiadis, K. (2008). The implementation of Olympic education programs at world level. Sporto mokslas, 4(54), 32‒39. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.05.017.

Hatipoğlu, R. (2017). The opinions of the principals about the effectiveness of value education and their suggestion about how to teach them. Proceedings of the 11th Mac. 2017 Interntional conference, 1‒17.

Helm, B. ( 2013). Friendship. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall edn.). Retrived from

International Olympic committee (2017). Olympic values education programme. Retrieved from

Karoblis, P., Majauskienė, D., & Paulauskienė, J. (2009). Mokinių požiūris į olimpinį sąjūdį ir olimpines vertybes [Pupil’s attitude towards Olympic movement and Olympic values]. Sporto mokslas, 4(58), 56‒62.

Karoblis, P., Neseckienė, I., & Gudiškis, A. (2015). Olimpizmas mokykloje. [Olympism at school].Vilnius: LTOK.

Luquin, L.P., & Oliden, P.E. (2012). Perception of fair play in children and youth sport. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 2(21), 253‒259.

Majauskienė, D., Šukys, S., & Lisinskienė, A. (2011). Spread of knowledge the integrated programme of olympic education. Ugdymas. Kūno kultūra. Sportas, 1(80), 42 ‒48. DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v1i80.339.

Naul, R. (2008). Olympic education. Maidenhead: Meyer and Meyer.

Schiller, P., & Bryant, T. (2004). Vertybių knyga: supažindinkime vaikus su 16 svarbiausių vertybių. [The Book of Values: Let‘s introduce children to the 16 most important values.] Kaunas: Šviesa.

Šarkauskienė, A., & Kaškevičiūtė, I. (2018). Jaunųjų paauglių olimpinių vertybių interiorizacija [The interiorization of young adolescents‘ Olympic values]. Sporto mokslas, 1(91), 61‒66. DOI: 10.15823/sm.2018.9.

Šukys, S., & Majauskienė, D. (2014). Effects of an integrated Olympic education program on adolescent athletes' values and sport behavior. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 42(5), 811–821. DOI: 10.2224/sbp.2014.42.5.811

Vaičekauskienė, S. (2015). Jaunesniųjų paauglių požiūris į dorovines vertybes [Adolescents‘ attitude to moral values]. Acta. Pedagogica. Vilnensia, 34, 62‒73. DOI: 10.15388/ActPaed.2015.34.8343.

Varfolomeeva, Z. S. (2014). Olympic education as the factor of personal development of younger adolescents: problem statement. World of Scientific Discoveries / V Mire Nauchnykh Otkrytiy, 9.4(57), 1543‒1554. DOI:



  • There are currently no refbacks.