LIFELONG LANGUAGE LEARNING IN EUROPE: POSSIBILITIES AND CHALLENGES

Ingrida Žindžiuvienė, Austė Sruogaitė- Kuliešienė

Abstract


Recent demographic changes in Europe (ageing, migration and others) demonstrate the importance of senior adult education – an urgent issue at both national and European Union policy levels. The problem of the research is grounded in the challenges that many European societies currently face: the retirement age being extended, employees need to adapt to the changed working conditions and satisfy urgent demands of the market. The aim of this research is to examine the current situation of senior adult language education in the EU. The research objectives question one of the basic needs faced by senior citizens - to acquire or maintain multilingual skills, without which their status in the competitive market would become complicated. In many European countries, senior adult education is viewed as an integral part of the whole education system that is directed towards engagement of senior citizens into active social life, job maintenance, development of cross-cultural communicative and language skills and more diverse opportunities for self-realization.

Keywords


competitive market; demographic changes; legislation system; lifelong language learning; senior adult education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adult education trends and issues in Europe. (2006). The European Association for the Education of Adults. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/education/pdf/doc268_en.pdf

Aitchinson, W. (2004). A European Strategy for Linguistic Diversity and Language Learning. International Conference – Best Practices of Learning Less Widely-used Languages in Multicultural and Multinational Europe. Vilnius: Lietuvių kalbos instituto leidykla, 18-24.p.

Bulajeva, T. (2007). Introducing Early Foreign Language Teaching in Lithuania: Policies and Stakeholder Views. International Conference - Languages in Lithuania: Aspirations and Achievements. Vilnius: UAB “Ciklonas”, 95-104.p.

Eurostat. (2007a). Obstacles to participation in education and training.Retrieved from: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php?title=File:Obstacles_to_participation_in_education_and_training,_2007_%281%29_%28%25%29.png&filetimesta

mp=20111117131345

Eurostat. (2007b). Reasons for participation in non-formal education and training. Retrieved from:

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php?title=File:Reasons_for_pa rticipation_in_nonformal_education_and_training,_2007_%281%29_%28%25%29.png&filetimestamp=20111117131421

Eurostat. (2010). Lifelong learning statistics. Retrieved from: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Lifelong_learning_statistics#Main_statistical_findings

Language Course Teaching Methods for Senior Citizens. (2006). [Grundtvig 1.1 – part of the European Commission's Lifelong Learning Programme]. The European Commission. Retrieved from: http://www.seniorlanguage.com/uploads/media/Microsoft_Word__Final_report_doc.pdf

Language Education Policy Profile (2004-2006). Švietimo ir mokslo ministerija and the Council of Europe. Retrieved from:

http://www.google.lt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CC0QFjA A&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.coe.int%2Ft%2Fdg4%2Flinguistic%2FSource%2FProfile_Lituanie_EN.doc&ei=iqQXUdXG4GztAaLpICYCA&usg=AFQjCNFbRzhkR3kd__L0RBDTZVbFOQfdiA

Lietuvos suaugusiųjų švietimo ir informavimo centras. (2009). Mokymosi visą gyvenimą strategija. Požiūrių įvairovė. [Project]. Retrieved from: http://www.suaugusiujusvietimas.lt/modules/document_publisher/documents/3/MVGS_Poziuriu_Ivairove.pdf

Multilingualism: An Asset for Europe and a Shared Commitment. (2008). The European Commission. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/languages/pdf/comm2008_en.pdf

Socialinės informacijos ir mokymų agentūra. (2011). Taikomasis suaugusiųjų švietimo tyrimas. Retrieved from: http://www.suaugusiujusvietimas.lt/lt/publikacijos/

A Survey of English Language Teaching in Lithuania: 2003-2004. Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania and British Council Lithuania. Retrieved from: http://www.smm.lt/en/stofedu/docs/edu_reform/english%20language%20teaching.pdf

Teresevičienė, M; Zuzevičiūtė, V. (2009). Towards the Professionalization of Adult Educator’s Activities: Challenges and Perspectives. Kaunas: The Institute for International Cooperation of the German Adult Education Association.

TNS Opinion & Social. (2012). Active Ageing. [Report - Requested by European Commission's Directorate General for the Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion]. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_378_en.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2013vol2.606

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.