Ilze Dreifelde, Maija Zakrizevska Belogrudova


In the research of the work environment and employment both in the world and in Latvia, the importance of employees' self-efficacy in work productivity,  professional development and well-being has being actualized. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there is a correlation  between self-efficacy, professional development and well-being of employees in the labor market in Latvia. Hypothesis: is there a correlation between self-efficacy, professional development and well-being for employees in Latvia. The researchquestion of the study is whether there are statistically significant differences in self-efficacy by gender. The study involved n-224 employees in the Latvian labor market aged 18 to 56, with different levels of professional development and well-being. Three methods were used: General self-efficacy scale, the Survay of self-efficacy in the main activity,Professional development needs survey. The results of the study show that there is a statistically significant relationship between self-efficacy, professional development and well-being of employees in the labor market, as well as it was found that there are no statistically significant differences of self-efficacy by gender.


self-efficacy, professional develpment, well-being

Full Text:



Bandura, A. (1978). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1(4), 139-161.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.

Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G.V., & Pastorelli, C. (1996). Multifaceted impact of self-efficacy beliefs on academic functioning. Child Development, 67, 1206–1222.

Baumeister, R. F., Bratslavsky, E., Muraven, M., & Tice, D. M. (1998). Ego depletion: Is the active self a limited resource? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1252-1265.

Chan, X.W., Kalliath, T., Brough, P., O’Driscoll, M., Siu, O.-L. and Timms, C. (2017). Self-efficacy and work engagement: test of a chain model. International Journal of Manpower, 38(6), 819-834.

Gailliot, M. T., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Self-regulation and sexual restraint: Dispositionally and temporarily poor self-regulatory abilities contribute to failures at restraining sexual behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 173-186;

Giacomantonio, M., Ten Velden, F. S., & De Dreu, C. K. (2016). Framing effortful strategies as easy enables depleted individuals to execute complex tasks effectively. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 62, 68-74.

Janjhua Y., Chaudhary, R., & Chauhan, M. (2014). Relationship between employees’ self-efficacy belief and role stress: A Study. Journal of Psychology, 5(2), 169-173.

Kiamarsi, A., & Abolghasemi, A. (2014). The relationship of procrastination and self-efficacy with psychological vulnerability in students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 858-862.

LaMorte, W.W. (2016). The Social Cognitive Theory. Boston University School of Public Health. Retrieved from

Latham, G.P., & Locke, E.A. (1991). Self-regulation through goal setting. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 212–247.

Luszczynska, A., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Social cognitive theory. In M. Conner & P. Norman (Eds.), Predicting health behaviour. Buckingham, England: Open University Press.

Шеер М. Маддукс Дж. (2007) Методика на определение общей и социальной

самоэффективности (адаптация А.В. Бояринцевой) // Могилевкин Е.А. Карьерный рост: диагностика, технологии, тренинг: Монография. – СПб: Речь. – 336.

Newman, A., Obschonka, M., Schwarz, S., Cohen, M., & Nielsen, I. (2019). Entrepreneurial self-efficacy: A systematic review of the literature on its theoretical foundations, measurement, antecedents, and outcomes, and an agenda for future research. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 110, 403-419.

Potosky, D., & Ramakrishna, V. (2002). The Moderating Role of Updating Climate Perceptions in the Relationship between Goal Orientation, Self-Efficacy and Job Performance. Human Performance, 15, 275-297.

Sezgintürk, M. & Sungur, S. . (2020). A multidimensional investigation of students’ science self-efficacy: The role of gender. İlköğretim Online, 19(1), 208-218. Retreived from

Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston. Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35-37). Windsor, UK: NFER-NELSON.

Schunk, D. H. (1989). Self-efficacy and cognitive skill learning. In C. Ames & R. Ames (Eds.), Research on motivation in education. Vol. 3: Goals and cognitions. (pp.13-44). San Diego: Academic.

Sherer, M., Maddux, J. E., Mercandante, B., Prentice-Dunn, S., Jacobs, B., & Rogers, R. W. (1982). The self-efficacy scale: Construction and validation. Psychological Reports, 51, 633 – 671.

Stajkovic, A. D., & Luthans, F. (1998). Self-efficacy and work-related performances: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 240-261.

Urdan, T, Pajares, F. (2006) Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Adolescents. Bandura A. Guide for conctructing self-efficacy scales, 307-337.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (Eds.). (2017). Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications. Guilford Publications.

Zimmerman, B. J., Campillo, M. (2003). Motivating Self-Regulated Problem Solvers. In J. E. Davidson, R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), The Psychology of Problem Solving. New Jork. Cambrige University Press.

Warr, P., and Bunce, D. (1995). Trainee Characteristics and the Outcomes of Open Learning. Personnel Psychology, 48, 347-374.



  • There are currently no refbacks.