A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING MIGRANT SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM LATVIAN EMIGRANT SURVEYS

Ilze Koroļeva

Abstract


People migrate for a variety of reasons, not only economic ones, but most expect to increase their quality of life and happiness by changing their place of residence. Most research on the integration of Eastern European migrants focuses primarily on their structural integration into the labour market, much less is known about the implications of migration on the general subjective well-being (SWB) of individuals. The terms ‘SWB’ and ‘happiness’ refer to people’s evaluations of their life which can be either cognitive or affective (e.g. Diener, 2009). From a theoretical perspective, migration decision-making can still be encompassed within a utility-maximising framework. Now, however, utility is captured by subjective judgements of satisfaction rather than monetary income. Quantitative data from two waves of a large-scale longitudinal survey of Latvian emigrants (2014 -2019 ) were used to identify the determinants of SWB and explore the impact of different factors (such as changes in family status, employment or health) on changes in life satisfaction over time.

Keywords


migration; life satisfaction; subjective well-being; well-being

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allison, P. D. (1984). Event History Analysis. Regression for Longitudinal Event Data. Newbury Park.

Andrews, F. M., & Withey, S. B. (1976). Social Indicators of Well-Being: America's Perception of Life Quality. New York: Plenum Press.

Argyle, M. (1999). Causes and correlates of happiness. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (353–373). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Borjas, G. J. (1987). Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants. The American Economic Review, 77(4), 531–553.

Brickman, P., & Campbell, D. T. (1971). Hedonic relativism and planning the good society. In M. H. Apley (Ed.), Adaptation-level theory: A symposium (287–302). New York: Academic Press.

Bryant, J., & Merwood, P. (2008). Reasons for migrating and settlement outcomes: Evidence from the longitudinal immigration survey New Zealand. Labour, Employment and Work in New Zealand 2008. Victoria University, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://ojs.victoria.ac.nz/LEW/issue/view/169

Chiswick, B. R. (2008). Are Immigrants Favorably Self-Selected? An Economic Analysis. In C. Bretell & J. F. Hollifield (Eds.), Migration Theory: Talking Across Disciplines (63–82). New York: Routledge.

Clark, A., & Oswald, A. J. (2002). Unhappiness and unemployment. In R. Easterlin (Ed.), Happiness in economics (166–177). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Press.

Combes, P.-P., Duranton, G., & Gobillon, L. (2008). Spatial wage disparities: Sorting matters! Journal of Urban Economics, 63(2), 723–742. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jue.2007.04.004

Costa, P. T., & McCrea, R. R. (1980). Influence of Extraversion and Neuroticism on Subjective Well-Being: Happy and Unhappy People. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 668–678.

De Jong, G., Chamratrithirong, A., & Tran, Q-G. (2002). For Better, for Worse: Life Satisfaction Consequences of Migration. International Migration Review, 36(3), 838–863.

Diener, E. (1984). Subjective Well-Being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542–575.

Diener, E. (Ed.) (2009). The Collected Works of Ed Diener. The Science of Well-Being. Springer.

Diener, E., & Lucas, R. E. (1999). Personality and subjective well-being. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (213–229). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276–302.

Dykxhoorn, J., Hollander, A.C., Lewis, G., Dalman, C., Kirkbride, J.B. (2019). Family networks during migration and risk of non-affective psychosis: A population-based cohort study. Schizophr Research, 208, 268-275. DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2019.01.044.

Easterlin, R. A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. In P. A. David & W. R. Melvin (Eds.), Nations and households in economic growth (98–125). Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Easterlin, R. A. (2002). Happiness in economics. The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Press.

Fujita, F., & Diener, E. (2005). Life satisfaction set point: Stability and change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(1), 158–164.

Gallup, G. H. (1976). Human Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Public Opinion Quarterly, 40, 459–467.

Gallup, G. H., & Kettering, F. (1976). Human needs and satisfactions: A Global Survey. USA.

Glaeser, E. L., & Resseger, M. G. (2010). The Complementarity Between Cities and Skills. Journal of Regional Science, 50(1), 221–244.

Goldmanis, M. (2015). Statistisko svaru dizains pētījumā „Latvijas emigrantu kopienas”. In I. Mieriņa (Ed.), Latvijas emigrantu kopienas: cerību diaspora (42–65). Rīga: LU Filozofijas un socioloģijas institūts.

Hagerty, M. R. (2003). Was Life Better in the ‘Good Old Days’? Intertemporal Judgments of Life Satisfaction. Journal of Happiness Research, 4(2), 115–139.

Hendriks, M. & Bartram D. (2019). Bringing Happiness Into the Study of Migration and Its Consequences: What, Why, and How? Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 17 (3), 279-298. DOI: 10.1080/15562948.2018.1458169

Inglehart, R. (1977). Values, objective needs and subjective satisfaction among Western Publics. Comparative Political Studies, 9, 429–458.

Kratz, F. (2020). On the way from misery to happiness? A longitudinal perspective on economic migration and well-being. Migration Studies, 8(3), 307–355. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/migration/mny040

Lucas, R. E., Clark, A. E., Georgellis, Y., & Diener, E. (2003). Reexamining adaptation and the set point model of happiness: Reactions to changes in marital status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(3), 527–539.

Massey, D. S., Arango, J., Hugo, G., Kouauci, A., Pellegrino, A., & Taylor, J. E. (2005). Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium. Oxford/NewYork: Oxford University Press.

Mayer, K. U., & Tuma, N. B. (1990). Life Course Research and Event History Analysis: An overview. In K. U. Mayer & N. B. Tuma (Eds.), Event History Analysis in Life Course Research (1–20). Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Melzer, S. M. (2011). Does migration make you happy? The influence of migration on subjective well-being. Journal of Social Research & Policy, 2(2), 73–92. Retrieved from https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/does-migration-make-you-happy-influence-on/docview/920091376/se-2

Melzer, S. M. (2011). Reconsidering the Effect of Education on East-West Migration in Germany. European Sociological Review, online. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcr056

Mieriņa, I., Koroļeva, I., Hazans, M., Reine, I., Aleksandrovs, A., Goldmanis, M., & Grosa, D. (2021). Exploring Well-Being and Social Integration in the Context of Liquid Migration. 2019 quantitative survey main data file (v1.2.0) [Data file]. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5218094

Myers, D. G., & Diener, E. (1995). Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6(1), 10–19.

Nikolova, M. (2015). Migrant well-being after leaving transition economies. IZA World of Labor. DOI: 195 doi: 10.15185/izawol.195

Nikolova, M., & Graham, C. (2014). In Transit: The Well-Being of Migrants from Transition and Post-Transition Countries. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8520. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2508575

Nisic N., & Petermann, S. (2013). New City=New Friends? The Restructuring of Social Resources after Relocation. Comparative Population Studies, 38(1), 199–226. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12765/CPoS-2013-08

Nowok, B., van Ham, M., Findlay, A. M., & Gayle, V. (2013). Does Migration Make You Happy? A Longitudinal Study of Internal Migration and Subjective Well-Being. Environment and Planning A, 45(4), 986–1002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1068/a45287

Oswald, A. J. (2002). Happiness and economic performance. In R. Easterlin (Ed.), Happiness in economics (149–165). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Press.

Safi, M. (2010). Immigrants’ Life Satisfaction in Europe: Between Assimilation and Discrimination. European Sociological Review, 26(2), 159–176. DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcp013

Scitovsky, T. (1992). The joyless economy: The psychology of human satisfaction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sime, D. (2018). Belonging and Ontological Security Among Eastern European Migrant Parents and Their Children. Central and Eastern European Migration Review, 7(1), 35–53. DOI: 10.17467/ceemr.2018.05

Sjaastad, L. A. (1962). The Costs and Returns of Human Migration. The Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 80–93. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/258726

Skrbiš, Z. (2008). Transnational Families: Theorising Migration, Emotions and Belonging. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 29(3), 231–246.

Stiglitz, J., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J.-P. (2009). The Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress Revisited. Reflections and overview. Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, Paris.

Stutzer, A. (2003). The Role of Income Aspirations in Individual Happiness. Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, 54(1), 89–109. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2003.04.003

Warr, P. (1999). Well-being and the workplace. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (392–412). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Yang, Y. (2008). Social Inequalities in Happiness in the United States, 1972 to 2004: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis. American Sociological Review, 73(2), 204–226. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/000312240807300202

Yankow, J. J. (2003). Migration, Job Change, and Wage Growth: A New Perspective on the Pecuniary Return to Geographic Mobility. Journal of Regional Science, 43(3), 483–516. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9787.00308




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2022vol2.6853

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.