Improvement of the action of lips and embouchure in the play of brass instruments


  • Sandis Bārdiņš Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy (LV)
  • Māra Marnauza Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy (LV)



brass instruments play, brass playing pedagogy, buzzing, creating of the sound, development of embouchure, lips


Embouchure, along with the activities of breathing and tongue, is one of the main components for qualitative sound creation in the playing brass instruments. In practice, there are various views about principles and methods of creating the embouchure, however, when talking about choosing the appropriate pedagogical methods, it would be important that the methods are based on the knowledge on the physics of the sound creation, as well as the anatomy of embouchure and psychophysiological processes. The article looks at the most important contradictions in this area and presents logical solutions for creating the embouchure in the pedagogical work for music school teachers and students.


Download data is not yet available.


Asper, L. K. (2003). A mouthpiece buzzing routine for trumpet. Enchancing the trumpet warm – up using mouthpieces and a visualizer. Wave Song Press, 95 p.

Bārdiņš, S. (2012). The ambivalence of muscle tensions in the pedagogy of playing brass instruments. Spring University 2012. Changing Education in a Changing Society. ISSN 1882-2196, p. 179-183.

Breedlove, S. M., Rosenzweig, M. R., Watson, N. V. (2007). Biological Psychology. An Introduction to Behavioral, Cognitive, and Clinical Neuroscience. 5th ed., Sinauer Associates, Inc., 610 p.

Bromage, S., Campbell, M., Gilbert, J. (2010). Open Areas of Vibrating Lips in Trombone Playing. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 96(4), 603-613.

Burba, M. (2005). Brass Master Class. Die Methode für alle Blechbläser. Der logische Weg zu grenzenloser Sicherheit, Ausdauer und Höhe. Schott Music, 92 s.

Copley, D. C., Strong, W. J. (1996). A stroboscopic study of lip vibrations in a trombone. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 (2), 1219-1226.

Gilbert,J.(2002). Sound mechanisms of brass instruments, last twenty years results. (skatīts 28.04.2013) sevilla/forumacusticum /archivos/mus04004.pdf.

Gilbert, J., Ponthus, S., Petiot, J. F. (1998). Artificial buzzing lips and brass instruments: Experimental Results. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 104, p. 1627-1632.

Gordon, C. (1987). Brass Playing Is No Harder Than Deep Breathing. Carl Fisher, 36 p.

Kleinhammer, E., Yeo, D. (1997). Mastering the trombone. Edition Piccolo, Hannover, 78 p.

Pārkers, S. (2009). Cilvēka ķermenis. Zvaigzne ABC, 256 lpp.

Quinque, R. (1980). ASA Methode, Editions BIM, 76 p.

Stevenson, S., Campbell D-M., Bromage, S., Chick, J., Gilbert, J. (2009). Motion of the lips of brass players during extremely loud playing J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125, p. 152-157.

Vizzutti, A. (1990). The Allen Vizzutti Trumpet Method. Book 1 TechnicalStudies (an Intermediate / Advanced Method). Alfred, 128 p.

Wekre, F. R. (1994). Thoughts on playing the Horn well. Reistad Offset, 66 p.

Yoshikawa, S. (1995). Acoustical behavior of brass player`s lips. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 97 (3), 1929- 1939.




How to Cite

Bārdiņš, S., & Marnauza, M. (2014). Improvement of the action of lips and embouchure in the play of brass instruments. ARTS AND MUSIC IN CULTURAL DISCOURSE. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference, 99-106.