The Learned and the Common People. Two Traditions in the Latvian Mythology

Authors

  • Aldis Pūtelis University of Latvia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17770/amcd2014.1342

Keywords:

folklore, mythology, history, Latvianness, tradition, texts, oral history

Abstract

The present article follows the formation of a view on the Latvian mythology, distinctly different from the one that can be drawn from the analysis of the folklore texts. It can be concluded that the cause for this discrepancy is the attitude of the learned men authoring the different texts describing the mythology of the local people in more or less detail. They relied basically on writings of other authors instead of the living tradition itself, as any folkloristic or anthropological approach was yet the matter of far future. By repeating the data found in other written works, this information appears to be widely known and completely reliable. The ultimate collection of all the data is to be found in an appendix to the “Latvian Grammar” by Gotthard Friedrich Stender – an outstanding representative of Enlightenment in Latvia. In order to trace the development of the particular corpus of data included in this work, the probable earlier sources are analysed, comparing the available data to establish their relations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • Aldis Pūtelis, University of Latvia
    Mg. philol., University of Latvia, Archives of Latvian Folklore of the Institute of Literature, Folklore and Art,
    Research Assistant.
    Graduated from the Latvian State University Faculty of Philology in 1986. Works for the Archives since the same year. Participated in field work in Latvia and outside it, worked in scholarly projects in Sweden and the U.K., participated in scholarly conferences in Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Sweden, Finland, the USA, China. Scholarly interests: Latvian mythology, history of its study, mythology theories and their formation, text study, use of modern technology.

References

Alunāns, J. (1914). Veco latviešu stāsti par ūdens plūdiem. Raksti. Pēterburga.

Auseklis. (1923). Kopoti raksti. Rīga: A. Gulbis.

Berkholz G. (1886). Ueber lettisch-littauische Urgeschichte. Riga: Baltische Monatsschrift, XXXIII, 7./8. Skaīts 14.04.2014. www.periodika.lv.

Bīlenšteins A (1904). Ein glückliches Leben. Rīga: Jonck&Poliewsky

Einhorn, P. (1649). HISTORIA LETTICA, Das ist Beschreibung der Lettischen Nation in welchervon der Letten als alten Einwohner un Besitzer des Lieflandes, Curlandes un Semgallen Namen, Uhrsprung oder Ankunfft, ihrem Gottes- Dienst, ihrer Republica oder Regimente so sie in der Heydenschafft gehabt, auch ihren Sitten, Geberden, Gewonheiten, Natur un Eigenschaften etc. gründlich und ümbständig Meldung geschickt. Dorpt: Johann Vogeln.

Harder, J. J. (1764). Untersuchung des Gottesdienstes, der Wissenschaften, Handwerke, Regierungsarten und Sitten der altern Letten aus ihrer Sprache. Riga: Gelehrte Beyträge zu Rigischen Anzeigen, II. Stück,, s. 9-16, V. Stück, s. 33-40, VII. Stück, s. 49-56, XII. Stück, s. 89- 96.

Hartknoch, C. (1684). Alt- und Neues Preussen oder Preussische Historien. Königsberg.

Historische Abhandlung von dem Namen und Ursprung der alten Einwohner Lieflands, ihrer Religion, Sitten und Gebräuchen. (1761). Riga: Gelehrte Beyträge zu Rigischen Anzeigen, VIII. Stück, s. 57-72.

Hupel, A. (1774-1777). Topographische Nachrichten von Lief- und Ehstland. Riga: Hartknoch.

Johansons, A. (1975). Latviešu kultūras vēsture. 1710-1800. Daugava.

Kelch, C. (1695). Liefländische Historia oder Kurze Beschreibung der Denckwurdigsten Kriegs- und Friedens-Geschichte Esth- Lief- und Lettlandes. Rewall.

Kokare, E. (1999). Latviešu galvenie mitoloģiskie tēli folkloras atveidē. Rīga.

Krodznieks J. (1887). G. Berkholcs un latvju-leišu senvēsture. Rīga: Austrums, Nr 2, 01.02.1887. Skatīts 14.04.2014. www.periodika.lv.

Lange, J.(1777). Vollständiges deutsch-lettisches und lettisch-deutsches Lexikon. Mitau: J. Fr. Steffenhagen.

Mannhardt, W. (1936). Letto-Preussische Götterlehre. Rīga: Latviešu literāriskā biedrība.

Mansikka, V.(1922). Die Religion der Ostslaven. I. Quellen. (FF Communications No. 43)Helsinki: SKS.

Merkel, G. (1798, 1799). Die Vorzeit Lieflands. Ein Denkmal des Pfaffen- und Rittergeistes. Berlin.

Mikhailov, N. (1998). Baltische und Slawische Mythologie. Madrid.

Narbutt, T. (1835). Dzieje starožytne narodu litewskiego. Mitologia litewska. Wilno.

Pie kritikas par Latviešu-Leišu senvēsturi no G. Berkholca. (1887). Rīga: Balss, Nr.15, 13.04.1887., Nr.16, 22.04.1887. Skatīts 14.04.2014. www.periodika.lv.

Rollestone, T. (1911) Myths and Legends of the Celtic Race. London: George G. Harrap and Co.

Smith, A. (1988). The Ethnic Origins of Nations. London: Blackwell.

Stender, G. (1783). Lettische Grammatik verfasset von Gotthard Friedrich Stender. Mittau.

The Greek Ecclesiastical Historians of The First Six Centuries of the Christian Era. (1846). London: Samuel Bagster and Sons.

Downloads

Published

28.09.2014

How to Cite

Pūtelis, A. (2014). The Learned and the Common People. Two Traditions in the Latvian Mythology. ARTS AND MUSIC IN CULTURAL DISCOURSE. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference, 57-72. https://doi.org/10.17770/amcd2014.1342