• Linas Kliučininkas Kaunas University of Technology (LT)
  • Simona Balkevičiene Kaunas University of Technology (LT)
  • Jolita Mockuviene Kaunas University of Technology (LT)



ambient air quality, ITEMS, traffic modelling, transport policies, urban transport


This paper presents the application of the Integrated Transport Effect Modeling System ITEMS, taking into consideration existing vehicle fleet, traffic flows, and ambient air quality monitoring data. The objective of this study is to estimate the exhausts of CO, NOx, and SO2 released by motor vehicles in relation to predictive traffic policy measures in Kaunas, Lithuania.
This study analyses the extent to which some traffic policies and future trends may influence the ambient air pollution in urban environment. Three traffic policy measures such as: i) increase of car parking fee; ii) reduction of car parking places; iii) introduction of dedicated traffic lines for public transport are considered as the case studies to examine the extend to which they could reduce emissions from motor vehicles. At the same time, each policy measure comprises four scenarios including one, which indicates the current situation. The comparative analyses of the influence of different traffic policy measures on vehicle/passenger kilometres travelled and on emissions are presented.


Download data is not yet available.


Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment. European Environmental Agency, Copenhagen: EEA, 1998a.

Towards Sustainable Transportation. Paris: OECD Publications, 1996.

Adams, J., 1999. The social implications of hyper mobility. In: OECD, Project on sustainable transport (EST). The economic and social implications of sustainable transportation. Proceedings of the Ottawa Workshop, 20–21 October 1998.

Meyer M.D., Transport planning for urban areas: a retrospective look and future prospects. Journal of advanced transportation sector, 2000, Vol 34, p. 143-171.

Hickman, J., Hassel, D., Jourmard, R., Samaras, Z., Sorenson, S. Methodology for calculating Transport Emissions and Energy Consumption. Luxembourg: European Commission, DG VII, 362pp, ISBN 92-828- 6785-4, 1999

European Community. Council Directive 96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management. Official Journal of the EC L 296,0055-0063, 1996

ITEMS – Integrated Transport Effect Modelling System. Tutorial. Enerdata s.a. Grenoble-Gieres, France, 1999.

Transporto priemonių eis mo intensyvumo skaičiav imas automatiniais eis mo intensyvumo skaitikliaisklasifikatoriais. [Traffic intensity measurements using automatic counters-classifiers] Report. Kaunas municipality Environmental Protection Department, P. 93. 2001.

Turner, D. B. (1964), ‘A diffusion model for an urban area’. Journal of Applied Meteorology.

Chiquetto, S., Mackett, R. Modelling the effects of transport policies on air pollution. The Science of the Total Environment, 1995, 169, p. 265-271.

Martuzevičius, D., Kliučin inkas, L. Integrated modeling of transport effect in Kaunas city. Proceedings of the International Conference ‘City Environment 2000’, Kaunas, Technologija, 2000, p. 82-88.




How to Cite

L. Kliučininkas, S. Balkevičiene, and J. Mockuviene, “MODELLING OF TRAFFIC POLICY MEASURES FOR AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT”, ETR, vol. 1, pp. 187–194, Jun. 2005, doi: 10.17770/etr2005vol1.2133.