INDUSTRIAL HEMP VARIETIES PRODUCTIVITY POTENTIAL IN THE LATVIAN CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

Authors

  • Veneranda Stramkale Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, Department of Plant Breeding and Agroecology at Vilani
  • Inga Morozova Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, Department of Plant Breeding and Agroecology at Vilani
  • Larisa Černova Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, Department of Plant Breeding and Agroecology at Vilani
  • Aldis Stramkalis Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, Department of Plant Breeding and Agroecology at Vilani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17770/etr2023vol1.7281

Keywords:

hemp, variety, fibre, vegetation period, yield

Abstract

Varieties grown for fibre-only will be established, managed and harvested differently than varieties grown for seeds or dual-purpose. The aim was analysed yield productivity and length of vegetation period dependency of the two types of hemp variety and identified perspective hemp variety for highest yield under different meteorological conditions in Latvia. Varieties/line from diverse European and Latvian origin (seed hemp varieties/ line 'Adzelvieši', 'Pūriņi', KA-2-2011, 'Finola', 'Henola' and fibre hemp varieties 'USO 31', 'Futura 75', 'Austa') were sown in randomized field experiments in Latvia. Biomass, stem, seed yield, fibre contents and vegetation period length were assessed across tree growing seasons from 2020 to 2022. Results show that hemp, seeds and fibre varieties/line, performed well giving high yield productivity between variety. Agrometeorological conditions for hemp growth and yield were favourable in 2022. In Latvian local climatic conditions, the seed hemp line KA-2-2011 and fibre hemp variety ‘Futura 75’ identified significant higher of biomass and stem yield as well as the seed hemp variety ‘Henola’ and fibre hemp variety ‘Austa’ significant higher of seed yield and fibre contents. The yield potential dependent from length of vegetation period length. The trial analyses identified positive and significant correlations between length of vegetation period and biomass (r = 0.97), stem yield (r = 0.98), and negative between length of vegetation period and seed yield (r = -0.89).

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

K. Tang, P. C. Struik, X. Yin, C. Thouminot, M. Bjelková, V. Stramkale and S. Amaducci, 2016. “Comparing hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cultivars for dual-purpose production under contrasting environments”, Industrial Crops and Products. vol. 87, p 33–44. Septembre 2016. [Accessed March 12, 2023] , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.04.026

S. Musio, J. Müssig and S. Amaducci, “Optimizing Hemp Fiber Production for High Performance Composite Applications” Frontiers in Plant Science. vol. 9, Article 1702. November 2018. [Accessed March 10, 2023], https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01702

Statista Inc. [Online]. Available: https://www.statista.com/statistics/1204146/area-for-hemp-cultivation-by-country-europe/ [Accessed January 10, 2023]

Rural Support Service [Online]. Available: https://www.lad.gov.lv/lv/platibu-maksajumu-statistika [Accessed March 20, 2023]

A.T.M.F. Ahmed, M.Z. Islam, M.S. Mahmud, M.E Sarker and M.R. Islam, “Hemp as a potential raw material toward a sustainable world”, Heliyon., vol. 8 Article e08753. January 2022. [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e08753

M. Zimniewska, “Hemp fibre properties and processing target textile”, Materials. vol. 15, Article 1901. March 2022. [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15051901

Latvijas Bioekonomikas stratēģija 2030. [Online]. Available: https://www.llu.lv/sites/default/files/2018-07/Bioeconomy_Strategy_Latvia_LV.pdf [Accessed March 17, 2023]

European Commission. EUPVP—Common Catalogue. [Online]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/plant_propagation_material/plant_variety_catalogues_databases/search/public/index.cfm?event=SearchVariety&ctl_type=A&species_id=240&variety_name=&listed_in=0&show_current=on&show_deleted=on [Accessed March 17, 2023]

A.M. Faux, X. Draye, R. Lambert, R. d’Andrimont, P Raulier, P. Bertin, “The relationship of stem and seed yields to flowering phenology and sex expression in monoecious hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)”, Eur. J. Agron, vol. 47, p. 11–22. 2013 [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2013.01.006

W. Westerhuis, S. van Delden, R. Jan, J.P. Marinho, P.C. Struik, T. Stomph Jan, “Plant weight determines secondary fibre development in fibre hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)”, Ind. Crops Prod. vol. 139, 111493. 2019 [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.111493

S.N. Lisson, N.J. Mendham, P.S. Carberry, “Development of a hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) simulation model”, The flowering response of two hemp cultivars to photoperiod. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. vol. 40, p. 413–417. 2000 [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1071/EA99059

Ē. Teirumnieka, D. Blumberga, E. Teirumnieks and V. Stramkale, “Product-oriented production of industrial hemp according to climatic conditions.” Agronomy Research, vol. 19, no 4, p 2026–2036, August 2021 [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.15159/AR.21.123

V. Stramkale, L. Černova, I. Morozova and A. Stramkalis (2022). Evaluation of yield for hemp varieties. Abstracts of the 64rd International Scientific Conference of Daugavpils University [Online]. Available: https://dukonference.lv/files/Programma_DU_64.konference_2022_FINAL.pdf [Accessed March 17, 2023]

K. Tang, P.C. Struik, X. Yin, D. Calzolari, S. Musio, C. Thouminot, M. Bjelková, V. Stramkale, G. Magagnini and S. Amaducci, “A comprehensive study of planting density and nitrogen fertilization effect on dual-purpose hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cultivation.” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 107, p 427–438. November 2017 [Accessed March 14, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.033

J. Müssiga and S. Amaducci, “Scanner based image analysis to characterise the influence of agronomic factors on hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) fibre width”, Industrial Crops and Products. vol. 113, p 28–37. March 2018. [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.12.059

P. C. Struik, S. Amaducci, M. J. Bullard, N. C. Stutterheim, G. Venturi and H.T.H. Cromack, “Agronomy of fibre hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in Europe”, Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 11, p. 107–118. March 2000 [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(99)00048-5

B. Svennerstedt and G. Sevenson. “Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Trials in Southern Sweden 1999-2001 Journal of Industrial Hemp 2006. vol. 11, no. 1, p 17–25 [Online]. Available: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J237v11n01_03 [Accessed March 17, 2023]

V. Mediavilla, M. Leupin and A. Keller “Influence of the growth stage of industrial hemp on the yield formation in relation to certain fibre quality traits”, Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 13, no 1, p 49-56, January 2001, [Accessed March 14, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(00)00052-2

P. Bouloc P., S. Allegret, L Arnaud, Hemp: industrial production and uses. CAB International. London, UK p. 73 -75. 2013

H. Blandinières, S. Amaducci, S. “Adapting the cultivation of industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) to marginal lands.” A review. GCB Bioenergy, vol. 14, p. 1004–1022. 2022 [Accessed March 11, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12979

E.M.J. Salentijn, Q. Zhang, S. Amaducci, M. Yang, L.M. Trindade, “New developments in fiber hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) breeding”, Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 68, p 32–41. 2015 [Accessed March 17, 2023] https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.08.011

C. Thouminot, “La sélection française du chanvre” Panorama et perspectives. Oilseeds & fats, Crops and Lipids, vol. 22 no. 6, D603. 2015. [Accessed March 27, 2023] https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2015044.

J. Petit, E.M.J. Salentijn, M-J. Paulo, C. Thouminot, B. J. van Dinter, G. Magagnini, H-J. Gusovius, K. Tang, S. Amaducci, S. Wang, B. Uhrlaub, J. Müssig, L. M. Trindade, “Genetic Variability of Morphological, Flowering, and Biomass Quality Traits in Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.).” Front. Plant Sci. vol. 11 p 102. 2020. [Accessed March 15, 2023] doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00102

B. Zadrożniak, K. Radwańska, A. Baranowska and I. Mystkowska, “Possibility of industrial hemp cultivation in areas of high nature value. Ec Reg Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 114–127, October 2018 [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.2478/ers-2017-0009

J. Poniatowska, K. Wielgus, M. Szalata, M. Szalata, M. Ożarowski, K. Panasiewicz, “Contribution of Polish agrotechnical studies on Cannabis sativa L. to the global industrial hemp cultivation and processing economy”, Herba Pol vol. 65 no. 2, p 38 – 50, Jun 2019, [Accessed March 17, 2023] https://doi.org/10.2478/hepo-2019-0012

Downloads

Published

2023-06-13

How to Cite

[1]
V. Stramkale, I. Morozova, L. Černova, and A. Stramkalis, “INDUSTRIAL HEMP VARIETIES PRODUCTIVITY POTENTIAL IN THE LATVIAN CLIMATIC CONDITIONS”, ETR, vol. 1, pp. 214–219, Jun. 2023, doi: 10.17770/etr2023vol1.7281.