• Līga Dzedule Dept. of Plant Breeding and Agroecology, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, Priekuļi (LV)
  • Gunta Kalvane Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Latvia (LV)
  • Andis Kalvans Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Latvia (LV)




drought, extreme temperature, spring barley, yield


In Latvia, the effects of drought and extreme temperatures on spring barley have so far been little studied due to the availability of data and the fact that meteorological conditions are only one of the multi-influencing factors that affect the agricultural sector.

Barley usually flowers before or at the same time as ear emergence. During the flowering period high ambient temperatures are critical for yield formation. If the air temperature during flowering is above 22℃ the flowers of spring barley become sterile. From 2004 - 2022, a significant and positive correlation (R = 0,57) was observed between the average maximum daily temperature from sowing to ear emergence and the number of empty flowers in the main spike. A significant negative correlation (R = 0,55) was observed between plant height and the sum of precipitation from sowing to ear emergence and spike length and the sum of precipitation from ear emergence to maturity (R = −0,54), drought also negatively affects tillering rate and number of productive stems per plant.

The combination of all the above-mentioned conditions significantly impacts the yield of barley. The following and relevant findings are very important for the agricultural sector, especially in the context of climate change.


Supporting Agencies
Thanks to the lead researcher of the Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, Linda Legzdina, for data collection and compilation. This study was carried out within the framework of the project “Climate change and sustainable use of natural resources” institutional research grant of the University of Latvia (No. ZD2010/AZ03).


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How to Cite

L. Dzedule, G. Kalvane, and A. Kalvans, “TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION REGIME IMPACT ON SPRING BARLEY (HORDEUM VULGARE) GROWTH IN PRIEKUĻI CASE”, ETR, vol. 1, pp. 65–69, Jun. 2023, doi: 10.17770/etr2023vol1.7288.