Improving Winter Wheat Yields In Organic Farming Systems Through Innovations In Green Manure Management

Authors

  • Danguolė Nemeikšienė Joniškėlis Experimental Station of the Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry
  • Aušra Arlauskienė Joniškėlis Experimental Station of the Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry
  • Alvyra Šlepetienė Institute of Agriculture

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17770/etr2011vol2.992

Keywords:

ecological agriculture, green manure, legume, n inorg, winter wheat yield

Abstract

The paper presents effect of perennial grasses (Trifolium pratense L., Medicago sativa L., xFestulolium) and their aboveground mass management methods (removed from the field, mixed, mulching) as preceding crops on Ninorg in the soil as well as on yield of winter wheat under conditions of ecological farming. Field experiments were carried out at the Joniškėlis Research Station of the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture (LIA) on an Gleyic Cambisol. Experimental evidence indicated that content of symbiotically fixed nitrogen in the biomass of legumes accounted for the largest share (61–84 %) of the total nitrogen content (208.0–298.0 kg ha- 1), accumulated in the biomass. Winter wheat grain yield significantly (r = 0.783; P < 0.05) correlated with soil inorganic nitrogen content in spring. Grain yield productivity increased by 0.01 t ha-1 after incorporation of 1 kg ha-1 nitrogen of legume crops biomass.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Jensen, E. S., Hauggaard-Nielsen, H. How can increased use of biological N2 fixation in agriculture benefit the environment? Plant and Soil. vol. 252. 2003. p. 177-186.

Herridge, D. F., Peoples, M. B., Boddey, R. M. Global inputs of biological nitrogen fixation in agricultural systems. Plant and Soil. vol. 311. 2008. p. 1-18.

Peoples, M. B., Rockwell, J., Herridge, D. F. et al. The contributions of nitrogen-fixing crop legumes to the productivity of agricultural systems . Symbiosis. vol. 48. 2009. p. 1-17.

Watson, C. A., Atkinson, D., Gosling, P. et al. Managing soil fertility in organic farming systems. Soil Use and Management. No. 18. 2002. p. 239-247.

Arlauskienė,A., Maikštėnienė, S. The use of plants with different biological characteristics for accumulation of biogenic elements in soil and minimisation of filtration water pollution. Ekologija. No. 2. 2005. p. 54-65 (in Lithuanian).

Tripolskaja, L. Organic fertilizers and their influence on the environment. Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Kėdainiai. 2005. p. 205 (in Lithuanian).

Rinnofner, T., Friedel, J.K., de Kruijff, G., Piestch, M. G., Freyer, B. Effect of catch crops on N dynamics and following crops in organic farming. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, vol. 28. 2008. p. 551-558.

Crews T. E., Peoples M. B. Can the synchrony of nitrogen supply and crop demand be improved in legume and fertilizer-based agroecosystem? Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystem. vol. 72 (2). 2005 p. 101-120.

Lapinskiene, N.Underground part of herbaceous plants and phytocenoses in Lithuanian. Vilnius. 1986. p. 175 (in Russian).

Lapinskas, E. Nitrogen chantes in the siol and its effect on plants. Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Kėdainiai. 2008.p. 54-59 (in Lithuanian).

Hatch, D.J.,Goodlass, G., Joynes, A., Shepherd, M.A.The effect of cutting, mulching and applications of farmyard manure on nitroge fixation in a red clover/grass sward . Bioresource Technology. vol. 98 (17). 2007. p. 3243-3248.

Olesen, E. J., Askegaard, M., Rasmussen, I. A. Winter cereal yields as affected by animal manure and green manure in organic arable farming . European Journal of Agronomy. vol. 30 ( 2). 2009. p. 119-128.

Tripolskaja, L., Šidlauskas, G. The influence of catch crops for green manure and straw on the infiltration of atmospheric precipitation and nitrogen leaching. Ţemdirbystė=Agriculture. vol. 97(1).2010. p. 83-92.

Smith, C.J. Dunin, F.X., Zegelin, S.J., Poss, R. Nitrate leaching from a Riterine Clay soil under cereal rotation Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. vol. 49. 1998. p. 379-389.

Thomsen, I.K., Hansesn, J.F., Kjellerup, V., Christensen, B.T. Effect of cropping system and rates of nitrogen in animal slurry and mineral fertilizer on nitrate leaching from a sandy loam. Soil Use and Management. vol 93 (l 9). 1993. p. 53-57.

Frøseth, R. B., Hansen S., Bakken, A. K. Contribution of N from frequently chopped green manure to a succeeding crop of barley. Proc. of the 2nd scientific conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research ISOFAR, held at the 16th IFOAM Organic World Congress in Cooperation with the International Federatio of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM „Cultivating the future based on science“. Modena, Italy, June 16-20,.2008, p. 388-398.

Kayser, M., Müller, J., Isselstein, J. Nitrogen management in organic farming: comparison of crop rotation residual effects on yield, N leaching and soil conditions. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystem. vol.87. 2010. p. 21-31.

Downloads

Published

2015-08-05

How to Cite

[1]
D. Nemeikšienė, A. Arlauskienė, and A. Šlepetienė, “Improving Winter Wheat Yields In Organic Farming Systems Through Innovations In Green Manure Management”, ETR, vol. 2, pp. 268–275, Aug. 2015, doi: 10.17770/etr2011vol2.992.