• Signija Mosāne Rēzeknes Tehnoloģiju akadēmija (LV)




economy, European Green Deal, food security


To avoid climate change and environmental degradation, the European Commission developed the European Green Deal, which aims to decouple economic growth from resource use, however, in some sectors, such as agriculture, the use of different resources ensures high productivity rates for agricultural enterprises, which means income for their, as well as food security for society. Strict requirements and restrictions can have a negative impact on the agricultural sector if the goals are set too ambitious or adequate coverage of compensatory support mechanisms is not provided. Novelty of the research - has been summarized and analysed the research on economic impact of the European Green Deal, accordingly drawing conclusions and proposals.


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Beckman, J., Ivanic, M., Jelliffe, J. L., Baquedano, F. G., & Scott, S. G. (2020). Economic and Food Security Impacts of Agricultural Input Reduction Under the European Union Green Deal’s Farm to Fork and Biodiversity Strategies. Economic Brief, 30, 59. https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/307277/

Beltrán, J. P. et al. (2022). The Impact of the European Green Deal from a Sustainable Global Food System Approach. European Food & Feed Law Review, 17 (1), 2-38. https://web.s.ebscohost.com

Cengiz, Ç., & Kutlu, E. (2021). The Budget of the European Union and Green Energy: Perceptions, Actions, and Challenges. International Journal of Social Inquiry, 14(1), 171-197. https://doi.org/10.37093/ijsi.950563

Dolge, K., & Blumberga, D. (2021). Economic Growth in Contrast to GHG Emission Reduction Measures in Green Deal Context. Ecological Indicators, 130, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2021.108153

Eiropas Komisija (2021). Eiropas Zaļais kurss. https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_lv

Eiropas Savienības Padome un Eiropadome (2021). No lauka līdz galdam. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/lv/policies/from-farm-to-fork/

Fayet, C. M., Reilly, K. H., Van Ham, C.,& Verburg, P. H. (2022). The Potential of European Abandoned Agricultural Lands to Contribute to the Green Deal Objectives: Policy Perspectives. Environmental Science & Policy, 133, 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2022.03.007

Fang, L., Hu, R., Mao, H., & Chen, S. (2021). How Crop Insurance Influences Agricultural Green Total Factor Productivity: Evidence from Chinese Farmers. Journal of Cleaner Production, 321, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.128977

Kuczuk, A., & Widera, K. (2021). A Greater Share of Organic Agriculture in Relation to Food Security Resulting from the Energy Demand Obtained from Food—Scenarios for Poland until 2030. Energies, 14(21), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216959.

Mastronardi, L., Cavallo, A.,& Romagnoli, L. (2021). How Did Italian Diversified Farms Tackle Covid-19 Pandemic First Wave Challenges? Socio - Economic Planning Sciences, 82 (A), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2021.101096

OECD (2021). Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2021: Addressing the Challenges Facing Food Systems. OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/2d810e01-en

Schebesta, H., Bernaz, N., & Macchi, C. (2021). The European Union Farm to Fork Strategy: Sustainability and Responsible Business in the Food Supply Chain. Wageningen Law Series, 15(5), 420-427. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3809931

Siddi, M. (2020). The European Green Deal: Assessing Its Current State and Future Implementation. FIIA Working paper 114, 14. https://iris.unica.it/handle/11584/313484

Sikora, A. (2021). European Green Deal–legal and Financial Challenges of the Climate Change. ERA Forum 21, 21(4), 681-697. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12027-020-00637-3

Stenmarck, Â. et al. (2016). Estimates of European Food Waste Levels. http://eu-fusions.org/ phocadownload/Publications/Estimates%20of%20European%20food%20waste%20levels.pdf

Valujeva, K., Debernardini, M., Freed, E. K., Nipers, A., & Schulte, R. P. (2022). Abandoned Farmland: Past Failures or Future Opportunities for Europe’s Green Deal? A Baltic Case - study. Environmental Science & Policy, 128, 175-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2021.11.014






Economics and Management