STUDY ON THE CAUSES OF THE GENDER PAY GAP IN LITHUANIA

Authors

  • Dominyka Babičiūtė Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, Kaunas
  • Gabija Jasilevičiūtė Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, Kaunas
  • Dovydas Mačiulis Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, Kaunas
  • Inga Maskvytienė Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, PhD, Kaunas
  • Vilma Morkūnienė Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, PhD, Kaunas
  • Laima Jesevičiūtė-Ufartienė Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, PhD, Kaunas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17770/iss2023.7386

Keywords:

causes of the pay gap, discrimination, gender pay distribution, wages

Abstract

In the article, after analyzing scientific sources about the inequality of wages between men and women and statistically studying the gender distribution of the average salary in the Baltic States, it was found out that in the Baltic States men also earn more, but wage growth in all countries prevails differently. The analysis of the questionnaire survey of 449 respondents highlighted the main factors influencing the gender pay gap: the level of education, the distribution of childcare in the family, the dominance of men in higher positions, different attitudes towards work and career advancement. The study revealed that men have wider opportunities in the field of work and are considered the dominant gender in managerial positions. Women in modern society are still considered weaker and are emphasized on housework and childcare.

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Published

2023-12-18