• Liene Amantova-Salmane Mg.soc.sc., lecturer, researcher, Rezekne Academy of Technologies, Rezekne (LV)




sustainable development, sustainable development dimensions, sustainability criteria, sustainability indicators


Sustainable development has become an universal phrase and the area of many policy initiatives, especially those regarding environmental organizations. The revision of the dimensions of sustainable development gives vital support to develop and implement indicators for them. The dimensions of sustainable development are inseparable and mutually reinforcing. Sustainable development actions depend on complexity and working with different interests of environment and development. It is impossible to predict what needs future generations will have. The obligation of the current generation is both to use and protect the world resources in ways that meet human development opportunities more justifiably today, but which do not exclude choices for such actions tomorrow. The aim of the research is to analyse the dimensions of sustainable development. More deeply, the research tasks are to outline the hierarchical organization of sustainable development criteria and indicators and to create a new paradigm of sustainable development dimensions. The methods of research are monographic, quantitative, deductive, and inductive. The key result: a new paradigm of sustainable development dimensions is created. Sustainable development is a concept, possibly surrounding closely every aspect of human society. The meaning of the dimensions of sustainable development is all the time in progress. There is a new approach to the dimensions given in the research. Sustainability could be understood better in terms of “here and now”, “later” and “elsewhere”. The existence of sustainability criteria guarantees sustainability in the long perspective. It can be suggested that the sustainability criteria analysis and their practical use could be further developed.



Download data is not yet available.


ASTROULAKIS, N. (2013). Ethics and International Development: The Development Ethics Paradigm. EAST-WEST Journal of Economics and Business, XVI (1): pp.99-117.

ATKINSON, G., DIETZ, S., NEUMAYER, E., AGARWALA, M. (editors) (2014). Handbook of Sustainable Development: Second Edition. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited p. 265.

ELLIOT, J. (2008). An Introduction to Sustainable Development, 3rd ed. Retrieved February 20, 2018, from http://www.researchkh.org/userfiles/image/upload/ 1454164020676.pdf

IGLESIAS, A, SCARDIGNO, A, BUONO, F. (2008). State of the art on evaluation of water policies approaches, methods and experiences. Sustainable Development. 5:2–3.

KIBERT, C.J., THILLE, L., PETERSON, A., MONROE, M. (2012). The ethic of sustainability. Retrieved Devember 2, 2017, from http://www.cce.ufl.edu/ ethics/text/

PAVLOVSKAIA, E. (2014). Sustainability criteria: their indicators, control, and monitoring (with examples from the biofuel sector. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5044937/

QIZILBASH, M. (2001). Sustainable Development: Concepts and Rankings. Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 37(3), pp. 134-161.

ROGERS, P.P., JALAL, K.F., BOYD, J.A. (2008). An Introduction to Sustainable Development. Glen Education Foundation Inc. p. 416.

SINGH, B. (1996). Economic without ethics: the crisis of spirituality. Retrieved December 12, 2017, from http://www.pcdf.org/1996/80singh.htm.

Framework and suggested indicators to measure sustainable development. (2013). Joint UNECE/Eurostat/OECD Task Force on Measuring Sustainable Development. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/stats/ documents/ece/ces/2013/SD_framework_and_indicators_final.pdf

Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. (1987). Retrieved December 12, 2017, from http://www.un-documents.net/our-common-future.pdf