Nataliia Kalashnyk, Yana Levchenko, Olha Doronina, Olha Kucherova, Olga Luchenko


Due to the aging of population there is a need for reevaluation of the importance and the necessity of elderly people’s participation in the life of society and as a result reevaluation of the methods of their adjustment. Modern “third aged people” want to continue living in the habitual rhythm of life, being the full participants of the society even after their retirement. The social portrait of a modern elderly differs significantly from the one 15-20 years ago. The level of medicine in the developed countries provides them with good state of health and therefore they can retain high level of social and emotional activity. Using several countries (Japan, Australia, Canada,) as an example the article aims to present different ways of inclusion of elderly people in socially useful activities in order to solve the problems of the modern society, in other words, to suggest how third aged people may be helpful. The article sums up that giving the opportunity of social and professional activity to the elderly people helps them to prevent social maladjustment and arising feeling of needlessness after the termination of active employment.


Australia; education; elderly people; Canada; Japan; resocialization; social activity

Full Text:



A University of the Third Age. (2018). U3A Movement. Retrieved from

Adult Learning Australia. (2018). About ALA. Retrieved from

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). 3222.0-Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2011). 3101.0-Australian Demographic Statistics, June 2011

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2012). Australia’s health 2012.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Older Australia at a glance. Retrieved from overview

Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. (2015). Annual Report on the Ageing Society [summary]. Retrieved from

Chichibu, T. (2016). Impact on Lesson Study for Initial Teacher Training in Japan: Focus on Mentor Roles and Kyouzai-Kenkyuu. International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, 5 (2), 155-168. Retrieved from

Howe, E. R. (2007). Japan's teacher acculturation: critical analysis through comparative ethnographic narrative.

Lebel, A. (2017). Government Statistical Service. Retrieved from

OECD. (2017). Elderly population [indicator]. doi: 10.1787/8d805ea1-en (Accessed on 12 December 2017). Retrieved from

Ouchi, Y., Rakugi, H., Arai, H., Akishita, M., Ito, H., Toba, K., Kai, I., and on behalf of the Joint Committee of Japan Gerontological Society (JGLS) and Japan Geriatrics Society (JGS) on the definition and classification of the elderly. (2017). Redefining the elderly as aged 75 years and older: Proposal from the Joint Committee of Japan Gerontological Society and the Japan Geriatrics Society. GeriatrGerontolInt, 17: 1045–1047. doi: 10.1111/ggi.13118.

Simon Fraser University. (2017). Lifelong Learning. Retrieved from

Statistics Canada. (2013). Retrieved from

Stols, G. & Ono, Y. (2016). Lesson Study: An Implementation Manual. Retrieved from 25Dec2016.pdf

Trading Economics. (2017). Japan Retirement Age [indicator]. Retrieved from

U3A Online (A Virtual University of a Third Age). (2018). Retrieved from

Unesco. (1999). The General Conference Adopts a Recommendation on Adult Education. Adult Education Information Notes, 1-2.

Арашин, С.Н., Арашина, А.С. (2015). Проблема образования пожилых людей, 36, 101-105. Retrieved from:

Генеральная Ассамблея ООН. (1991). Принципы Организации Объединенных Наций в отношении пожилых людей. Резолюция 46/91. Retrieved from

Гидденс, Э. (2005). Социология. М.: Едиториал УРСС.

Красильников Ю. Д., Моздокова Ю. С., Мацукевич О. Ю. (2003). Социально-культурные технологии в процессе гериатрической реабилитации. Вестник МГУКИ, 1, 95–108.

Ильин, Е. П. (2012). Психология взрослости. СПб.: Питер.

Мацукевич, О. Ю. (2012). Социально-культурная ресоциализация пожилых людей. Вестник Кемеровского государственного университета культуры и искусств, 2 (19), 203–207. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.