• Urve Läänemets Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre (EE)



competences, educational reforms, educational policy-making, international comparative assessment, curriculum development, types of knowledge


Competence-oriented approach for educational reforms, including national curriculum (NC) development, has been recommended both by the OECD and the European Commission  since the beginning of the 21st century. International assessment, especially PISA studies from 2003 onwards have also been using selected competences for comparing academic achievement of the 15-year- olds. The influence of the mentioned recommendations for NC development in Estonia has been analysed and the role of different types of knowledge has been highlighted.


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