• Cristina Georgeta Pielmus "Al. I. Cuza" Police Academy



innovation, language teaching and learning, English for Specific Purposes, Law Enforcement English, ICT, technology-integrated language classes


Nowadays, innovation is seen as a process of change, whose implementation is supposed to bring about more effectiveness in those organizations that envision such reformative initiatives. In language education, innovation is often related to the emergence and experimentation of both pedagogical and technology-integrated approaches to teaching and learning. The technology-based language teaching refers to the integration of modern technology into the language class, either as a tool or as a resource. From this perspective, the article starts with an overview of the literature regarding key-concepts we operate with throughout the paper and is organized in several subsections attempting first to define what innovation in language education is, then to clarify what English for Law Enforcement is against the distinction between English for Specific Purposes as opposed to General English. Further the paper focuses on the use of ICT in English language teaching, enumerating and illustrating how the technology-based approaches can be employed in language classes. This section makes the shift to the next one, which discusses a concrete case of teaching English for Law Enforcement students in Romania, exemplifying the “what” and “how” of the use of technology in such a language learning environment, pointing out both its benefits and drawbacks for both teachers and learners.

Author Biography

  • Cristina Georgeta Pielmus, "Al. I. Cuza" Police Academy
    Foreign Languages Department, Associate Professor of English Language, PhD in Education Sciences


Anthony, L (1997) English for Specific Purposes: What does it mean? Why is it different?On CUE 5/3: 9–10. Available online at:

Arnó, E., Soler, A., Rueda, C. (2006a). The Role of Information Technology in Languages for Specific Purposes: Some Central Issues. In Arnó, E., Soler, A. and Rueda, C. (eds), Information Technology in Languages for Specific Purposes: Issues and Prospects. New York: Springer, 3 –18.

Arnó, E., Soler, A., Rueda, C. (2006b). Information Technology in LSP: Prospects on a Brave New World. In Arnó, E., Soler, A. and Rueda, C. (eds), Information Technology in Languages for Specific Purposes: Issues and Prospects. New York: Springer, 247– 261.

Arnó-Macià, E. (2012). The Role of Technology in Teaching Languages for Specific Purposes Courses. The Modern Language Journal 96/Focus Issue: 89–104.

Butler-Pascoe, M. E.(2009). English for Specific Purposes (ESP), Innovation, and Technology. English Education and ESP 1–15.

Carless, D. (2011). From testing to productive student learning: Implementing formative assessment in Confucian-heritage settings. New York, NY: Routledge.

Carless, D. (2013). Innovation in Language Teaching and Learning. In Carol A. Chapelle (Ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Applied Linguistics. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and education. New York: Macmillan.

Dudley-Evans, T., Johns, A.M. (1991). English for Specific Purposes: International in Scope, Specific in Purpose. TESOL Quarterly 25/2: 297–314.

Dudley-Evans, T., St. Johns, M.J. (1998). Developments in ESP: A multidisciplinary approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Felix, U. (2005). E-learning Pedagogy in the Third Millennium: The Need for Combining Social and Cognitive Constructivist Approaches, ReCALL, 17/1, 85–100.

Garrett, N. (2009). Computer-Assisted Language Learning Trends and Issues Revisited: Integrating Innovation, The Modern Language Journal, Vol. 93, Issue s1, 719-740.

Harmer, J. (2012). Essential teacher knowledge. Core concepts in English language teaching. Pearson Education Limited.

Hutchinson, T., Waters, A. (1987). English for specific purposes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kern, N. (2013). Blended learning: Podcasts for taxi drivers. In B. Tomlinson, & C. Whittaker (eds.) Blended Learning in English Language Teaching: Course Design and Implementation, London: British Council, 131-139.

Khan, B. H. (2005). E-learning quick checklist. London

Littlewood, W. (1981). Communicative Language Teaching. An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Munby, J. (1978). Communicative Syllabus Design. A Sociolinguistic Model for Defining the Content of Purpose-Specific Language Programmes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nunan, D., (2004). Task-based language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Parab, V. (2015). Innovative techniques, methods and trends in English language teaching, IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 20, Issue 6, ver. 1, 40-44.

Richards, J., (2001). Curriculum Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, J. C, Platt, J., Platt, H., (1992). Dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistic. Longman.

Richards, J. C., Rodgers, T.S. (1986). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of Innovation (5th ed.). New York: Free Press.

Tudor, I. (1996). Learner-centredness as Language Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ur, P. (2009). A Course in Language Teaching. Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Van den Braden, K. (2009). Diffusion and implementation of innovations. In M. Long & C. Doughty (Eds.), The handbook of language teaching, Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 659-672.

Vygotsky, L. (1978). Interaction Between Learning and Development. In Gauvain &. Cole (Eds), Readings on the Development of Children. New York: Scientific.

Warschauer, M. (1996). Computer Assisted Language Learning: an Introduction. In Fotos S. (ed.), Multimedia language teaching, Tokyo: Logos International, 3-20.

Warschauer, M., Healey, D. (1998). Computers and language learning: An overview., Language Teaching, 31, 57–71.

Wedell, M. (2009). Planning for educational change: Putting people and their contexts first. London, England: Continuum.

Wright, C., (2001). The benefits of ESP, Retrieved from on the 20th of November 2006.

White, C. (2007) Focus on the language learner in an era of globalization: Tensions, positions and practices in technology-mediated language teaching, Language Teaching, 40/4, 321–326.

Zhong, Y. (2008). A Study of Autonomy English Learning on the Internet. English Language Teaching 1/2. Available online at: