• Aelita Skarbaliene Klaipeda University (LT)
  • Egidijus Skarbalius Klaipeda University (LT)



leadership development, leadership education, leadership in health care, shared leadership


Leadership is overwhelming the thinking of contemporary society. A well-functioning organization is first identified with its leader very often. Therefore, it is very important to question the attitude of leadership constantly, not to devalue it, but to understand it better and realize it. Moreover, the expression of leadership in different organizations is very distinct, and its specificity in areas such as health care is still insufficiently explored. Healthcare organizations hold strict hierarchy, therefore leadership is considered as equal to the administrative position. Modern conceptualizations such as transactional, shared, authentic and other leadership theories point to the educational power of a leadership; however, implementation remains challenging. The article presents the analytical-theoretical point of view and interpretive approach for case study about leadership. Firstly, the article introduces research evidence analysis of leadership educational impact for integrated health care system. Secondly, the traditional discourse of leadership is challenged with analysis of complex adaptive systems theory. The case study research was conducted with the purpose to identify the images of leadership among nursing staff and to recognize the needs for leadership education in the healthcare system. Case study results reveal the great need for leadership education in general and for shared leadership in particular.


Download data is not yet available.


Al-Sawai, A. (2013). Leadership of Healthcare Professionals: Where Do We Stand? Oman Medical Journal, 28(4), 285–287.

Bal, P. M., Kooij, D., Rousseau, D. M. (2015). Aging Workers and the Employee-Employer Relationship. Springer.

Buckley, W. (1967). Sociology and Modern Systems Theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.Y.: Prentice- Hall.

Choi, S.L. et al. (2016). Transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction: the mediating role of employee empowerment. Human Resources for Health, 14-73.

DeRue, D. S, Nahrgang, J. D., Wellman, N., Humphrey, S. E. (2011). Trait and behavioral theories of leadership: an integration and meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Personnel Psychology, 64(1), 7–52.

Governance Institute (USA) (2009). Leadership in Health Care Organizations. A Guide To Joint Commission Leadership Standards. White Paper.

Konu, A., Viitanen, E. (2008). Shared leadership in Finnish social and health care. Leadership in Health Services, 21(1), 28-40.

Minelgaitė-Snaebjornson, I. (2016). Leadership in Iceland and Lithuania: A Followercentric Perspective. PhD thesis. University of Iceland.

Owen, H. (Ed.) (2012). New Thinking on Leadership – A Global Perspective. Cogan Page Limited.

Pearce, C. L., Conger, J. A. (Eds.) (2003). Shared leadership: Reframing the hows and whys of leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Resnick, M. (1995). Beyond the centralized mindset. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 5(1), 1-22.

Ropo, A., Eriksson, M. (2001). Shared leadership – a new challenge for managing specialists?, In Gronroos, C. and Jarvinen, R. (Eds), Palvelut ja asiakassuhteet markkinoinnin polttopisteessa, Vantaa: Talentum Media, 108-21.

Surowiecki, J. (2005). The Wisdom of Crowds. New York: Anchor Books.

Valantiejus, A. (2004). Kritinis sociologijos diskursas. Tarp pozityvizmo ir postmodernizmo. Vilnius: VU leidykla.

Valantiejus, A. (2013). Šiądienos kritinės teorijos klausimu. Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, 2 (33), 205-238.

Weberg, D., R. (2013). Complexity Leadership Theory and Innovation: A New Framework for Innovation Leadership. Dissertation. Arizona State University.

West, M., Armit, K., Loewenthal, L., Eckert, R., West, T. and Lee, A. (2015) Leadership and Leadership Development in Healthcare: The Evidence Base. London: Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management.

Willcocks, S. G. (2017). Exploring team working and shared leadership in multidisciplinary cancer care. Leadership in Health Services,

Zhu, W., Sosik, J. J. Riggio, R. E., Yang, B. (2012). Relationships between Transformational and Active Transactional Leadership and Followers’ Organizational Identification: The Role of Psychological Empowerment. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 13(3), 186-212.




How to Cite

Skarbaliene, A., & Skarbalius, E. (2018). THE ASPECTS OF SHARED LEADERSHIP IN HEALTH CARE. SOCIETY. INTEGRATION. EDUCATION. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 3, 406-414.