• Marzena Ruszkowska Pope John Paul II Higher State School in Biała Podlaska
  • Józefa Matejek Pedagogical University of Cracow




educational plans, foster care, vocational plans


The objective of a foster care is to ensure that a child who is deprived of the adequate care from the biological family lives in the adequate environment. People who deal with Foster care responsibilities are bound to ensure a proper care to a child as well as prepare this child to future life, including vocational one. Thus, essential are educational and vocational plans of charges since they affect the process of gaining the autonomy by a youngster. The three actions: firstly, analysing the literature, secondly, doing researches in bialski poviat, thirdly, conducting a narrative questionnaire with an educator who simultaneously holds the responsibility for teaching charges autonomy, these three are supposed to identify factors that affect educational and vocational plans that foster care charges have. Factors that play significant role are as follows: a kind of foster care (family-run children houses versus educational care centres), the influence exerted by a subject and people who are supposed to support the process of gaining autonomy (foster care provider, tutor, pedagogue, educator responsible for teaching autonomy), personal characteristics (for example low self-esteem, lack of willingness and motivation to learn, lack of skills) and environmental factors (impact of dysfunctional family environment, peer environment, local environment).


Author Biographies

  • Marzena Ruszkowska, Pope John Paul II Higher State School in Biała Podlaska
    Marzena Ruszkowska - PhD in the humanities in the field of Pedagogy (PhD at the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn in 2013), senior lecturer at Pope John Paul II Higher State School in Biała Podlaska, a member of the Social Pedagogues Team of the Pedagogical Sciences Committee of  Polish Academy of Sciences (KNP PAN); the author of the report: The brightness and shadows of foster families prepared for the Fifth Congress of Social Pedagogues (2013), the author of two monographs: Foster family as an upbringing and educational environment (2013) and Diagnosis of foster families in the face of contemporary dilemmas (2013) issued under the project Coordination for active integration implemented by Institute for the Development of Social Services (IRSS) and Centre for the Development of Human Resources (CRZL), as well as the work edited by Social Work with children, youth and family (2014) as part of the cooperation between Centre for the Development of Human Resources  and WYG International Ltd. and numerous scientific articles. Over 20 articles in Polish journals, i.e.: Social Work, Social Pedagogy, Care and Education Problems, Social Policy, Pedagogical Quarterly, Family Education, Social Dissertations and others in addition, a dozen post-conference publications. Research interests: foster family, care and education centres, alternative forms of family life, dysfunctional family and forms of its support.
  • Józefa Matejek, Pedagogical University of Cracow
    Józefa Matejek – PhD in pedagogy, assistant professor, researcher and lecturer at the Pedagogical University of Cracow. She has completed a training in family foster care, support programs for families, and working with the child and family. Her research interests are related to family foster care of the child, social work, and how institutions approach social issues and problems, she is also the author of some publications in this field.


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