REVIVAL OF UKRAINIAN BLACKSMITHING: ART PRACTICES AND EDUCATION DURING THE 1970S–2010S

Authors

  • Svitlana Rohotchenko Modern Art Research Institute of the National Academy of Arts of Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2021vol4.6288

Keywords:

blacksmithing, craft, fine art, innovations, traditions

Abstract

The article is aimed at making an outline of the revival process experienced by professional Ukrainian blacksmithing art, development of which resumed in the 1970s, after an imposed pause that had lasted for over half a century. The facts from the history of development and further evolution of blacksmithing are publicized, as well as the reasons that caused almost complete distinction of traditional blacksmithing handicraft and professional blacksmithing art as a result of suppression by the Soviet power. The objective of the research is a real-time coverage of the stages of revival of blacksmithing craft, art, and education. Extermination of the traditional blacksmithing education that existed in Ukraine since the 16th century and up till 1917 took its toll. Young blacksmiths were trained in the forges where they worked as assistants. The first departments of artistic blacksmithing were established in the colleges, technical schools, institutes, and academies only in the late 1980s. Lack of specialized education was a drawback for Ukrainian blacksmithing comparing to the European states where there was no gap in training practice. In the article, the most well-known modern Ukrainian blacksmithing educational institutions are analyzed on the basis of historical method, chronological and cultural approaches.

 

Author Biography

  • Svitlana Rohotchenko, Modern Art Research Institute of the National Academy of Arts of Ukraine
    Postgraduate student, Modern Art Research Institute of the National Academy of Arts of Ukraine e-mail: tsv-inform@ukr.net https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6353-8591

References

Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University. (n. d.). Istorychna dovidka kafedry [Historical reference of the Department]. https://im.kubg.edu.ua/struktura/2011-06-23-12-44-46/kafedra-obrazotvorchoho-mystetstva-ta-dyzainu/istorychna-dovidka/283-istorychna-dovidka-kafedry.html

Hofmarcher, J. (2019). Iron Camp — New Paradigms for Metaldesign and Handcrafts. In Art Metal. Visions of Future (29–31). Ivano-Frankivsk: Mantykora.

Honchar, K. (2013). Tradytsii ta novatsii u suchasnomu dekoratyvno-prykladnomu mystetstvi [Traditions and innovations in contemporary decorative and applied arts]. Mystetstvoznavstvo Ukrainy, 13, 62–68.

Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute. (2006). Khudozhnie lytvo Kyivskoho politekhnichnoho [The art of metal casting at the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute]. Retrieved from https://kpi.ua/633-7

Kucherenko, V. (2006). Kyyivskomu kovalskomu tsekhu—600 rokiv [The 600th founding anniversary of the Kyiv Blacksmithing Guild]. Kovalska maysternya: dialoh—styl—metal, 1(3), 10–15.

Luts, S. (2013). Formation features of the Classical jewelry House “Lobortas”. The Newsletter of Transcarpathian Institute of Arts, 4, 162–169.

Lviv National Academy of Arts. (n. d.). Art Metal department: About. Retrieved from https://lnam.edu.ua/en/faculties/decorative-and-applied-arts//about-403.html

Mogilevskyi, V. (2012). Khudozhnii metal Kyieva [Art metal of Kyiv]. Kyiv: Kovalska Maisternia.

Mykhailo Boychiuk Kyiv Institute of Decorative and Applied Art and Design. (n. d.). Kolektyv kafedry khudozhnoi keramiky, dekoratyvnoi skulptury, dereva ta metalu [Staff of the Department of Ceramic Arts and Sculpture and Department of Woodworking Art and Art Metal]. Retrieved from https://kdidpmid.edu.ua/academy/fakultety/fakultet-dekoratyvno-prykladnogo-mystecztva/kafedra-hudozhnoyi-keramiky-dekoratyvnoyi-skulptury-dereva-ta-metalu/kolektyv-kafedry-hudozhnoyi-keramiky-dekoratyvnoyi-skulptury-dereva-ta-metalu/

Pasichnyk, L. (2017). Yuvelirne mystetstvo Ukrainy XX–XXI stolit [Jewelry making art of Ukraine of 20th–21st centuries]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.

Rohotchenko, S. (2017). Istorychni shliakhy rozvytku khudozhnoho kovalstva naprykintsi 20 ta pochatku 21 storichchia (Do istorii rozvytku suchasnoho kovalskoho mystetstva Ukrainy) [Historical paths of development of blacksmithing art at the end of the 20th and in the early 21st centuries]. Visnyk Kharkivskoi derzhavnoi akademii dyzainu i mystetstv: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats, 4, 66–70.

Rohotchenko, S. (2018). Deiaki istoryko-mystetski aspekty stanovlennia ukrainskoho kovalstva [On some historical and art aspects of development of Ukrainian blacksmithing]. Tradytsii ta novatsii u vyshchii arkhitekturno-khudozhnii osviti, 2, 93–101.

Rudenko, I. (2006). Khudozhestvennaia kovka [Art Metal]. MIST (mystetstvo, istoriia, suchasnist, teoriia), 3, 298–307.

Shmahalo, R. (2015). Entsyklopediia khudozhnoho metalu [Encyclopedia of Art Metal], vol. 2. Khudozhnii metal Ukrainy XX–XXI st. [Metal Art of Ukraine of the 20th–21st centuries]. Lviv: Apriori.

Smyrna, L. (2017). Stolittia nonkonformizmu v ukrainskomu vizualnomu mystetstvi [A century of nonconformism in Ukrainian visual art]. Kyiv: Feniks.

Transcarpatian Academy of Arts. (n. d.). Historical background on Transcarpathian art education. Retrieved from http://artedu.uz.ua/zam_eng.html

Varyvonchyk, A. (2020). Khudozhni promysly Ukrainy: geneza, istorychna evoliutsiia, suchasnyi stan ta tendentsii [Ukrainian handicrafts: genesis, historical evolution, contemporary situation and tendencies]. Kyiv: Lira-K.

Zuziak, T. (2017). Stanovlennia y rozvytok pedahohichnoi osvity na Podilli (kinets 18 — pochatok 20 stolittia) [Emergence and development of pedagogical education in Podillia region (in the late 18th and through the early 20th century)]. Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-28