• Vladislavs Sardiko Daugavpils University (LV)
  • Dzintra Ilisko Daugavpils University (LV)
  • Jeļena Badjanova Daugavpils University (LV)
  • Svetlana Ignatjeva Daugavpils University (LV)
  • Valdis Jukšs Daugavpils University (LV)



custom employees, pandemic, psychological well-being, satisfaction with work


There has been a significant increase in interest about a psychological well-being among the researchers, politicians, media and general public. This study focuses on a measurement on a psychological well-being of the custom employees. For the purpose of measurement of a psychological well-being of custom employees, the authors have used Ruff’s scale that includes such components as positive relationships with others, autonomy, competence, personal growth, a purpose in life, and self-acceptance. According to Ryff (2014), well-being has been investigated in relation to one’s career pursuits. The purpose in life and personal growth were found to contribute to career commitments. In the case of the Latvian custom employees, among the essential elements of a psychological well-being are economic factors, favourable work environment and career opportunities in the organization. The study focuses in a psychological well-being of custom employees during the pandemic that leads to conclude that custom employees were in the forefront alongside with the doctors in stabilizing the situation in the county and have experienced a burn out, thereforethey  need a psychological support and a recognition of their efforts at work.



Download data is not yet available.


Boyce, C.J., Brown, G.D.A., & Moore, S.C. (2010). Money and happiness: rank of income, not income, affects life satisfaction. Psychological Sciences, 21, 471–475.

Chen, F. F., Jing, Y., Hayes, A., & Lee, J. M. (2013). Two concepts or two approaches? A bifactor analysis of psychological and subjective well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14, 1033-1068.

Dangi, S., & Nagle, Y. (2015). Personality factors as determinants of psychological well- being among adolescents. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 6(4), 369-73.

Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542-575.

Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Tay, L. (2020). Psychological well-being, self-determination, and meaning in life. In E. Diener, S. Oishi, & L. Tay (Eds.), Handbook of well-being.(pp. 1-14).Salt Lake City, UT: DEF Publishers.

Dodge, R., Daly, A., Huyton, J., & Sanders, L. (2012). The challenge of defining well-being. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2(3), 222-235.

Dombrovskis, V., Guseva, S., & Capulis, S. (2017).General and professional stress of mobile and operational staff of private security companies. 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017, 2 (17), 153-160.

Gray, N.S., O'Connor, C., Knowles, J., Pink, Simkiss, J. Williams, N., and Snowden, R.J. (2020). The Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on mental well-being and psychological distress: Impact upon a single country. Frontline Psychiatry,11. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.594115

Heintzelman, S. J. (2018). Eudaimonia in the contemporary science of subjective well-being.

Lee, B., Lamichhane, D.K., Jung, D.Y., Moon, S.H., Kim, S.J., & Kim, H.C. (2016). Psychosocial factors and psychological well-being: a study from a nationally representative sample of Korean workers. Industrial health, 54(3), 237–245.

Ryan, R. M., & Huta, V. (2009). Wellness as healthy functioning or wellness as happiness: The importance of eudaimonic thinking (response to the Kashdan et al. and Waterman discussion). The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 202-204.

Ryff, C., & Keyes, C. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719–727.

Ryff, C. (2014). Psychological well-being revisited: Advances in the science and practice of eudaimonia. Psychother Psychosom, 83, 10–28, doi: 10.1159/000353263

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069–1081.

Shevelenkova, T.D., &Fesenko, P.P. (2005). Psyhologicheskoje blagopoluchije lichnosti. Psyhologicheskaya Diagnostika, 3, 95-129.

Shah, H., & Marks, N. (2004). A well-being manifesto for a flourishing society. London: The New Economics Foundation.

Tang, Y-Y, Tang, R.,& Gross, J.J. (2019). Promoting psychological well-being through an evidence-based mindfulness training program. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13,

World Health Organization. (2020). Mental health and psychosocial considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak. Retrieved from

Wright, T. A., & Hobfoll, S. E. (2004). Commitment, psychological well-being and job performance: An examination of conservation of resources (COR). Theory and Job Burnout. Journal of Business & Management, 9 (4), 89-406




How to Cite

Sardiko, V., Ilisko, D., Badjanova, J., Ignatjeva, S., & Jukšs, V. (2021). THE DIMENSIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF CUSTOM EMPLOYEES DURING THE PANDEMIC. SOCIETY. INTEGRATION. EDUCATION. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 5, 199-208.