DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTERVENTION TO PROMOTE SELF-CARE: NEEDS ASSESSMENT

Authors

  • Aija Ozola Rīga Stradiņš University
  • Zane Roslova Rīga Stradiņš University
  • Jana Duhovska Rīga Stradiņš University
  • Kristīne Mārtinsone Rīga Stradiņš University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2023vol2.7100

Keywords:

attainability, behaviour change, importance, intervention, needs assessment, self-care

Abstract

The global societal challenges reveal decreased ability of people to maintain health and well-being when faced with prolonged stress conditions. Increases in anxiety, depression, and burnout are reported worldwide. The recent research indicates self-care as a useful resource to promote health and well-being and strengthen psychological resilience. The importance and attainability of self-care strategies are the characteristics that may indicate the necessity for self-care behaviour changes by identifying an internal conflict between the two. However, little is known about the determinants of self-care practicing according one’s needs. The study aimed to explore the experts’ perspectives on self-care needs among clinically healthy adults. The risks caused by inadequate self-care practices and the determinants of self-care behaviour change were identified. The interviews with 12 experts in arts therapies and/or health psychology were conducted. The qualitative content analysis was used to process the data. Psychological, health-related, and social risks were the categories of risks identified. The determinants of self-care behaviour change were categorized as knowledge, self-efficacy, attitude, perceived cues to action, planning, awareness, social support, and motivation. The identified items will contribute to evidence-based development of the intervention to promote self-care.

 

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Published

2023-07-03