Irena Zogla, Velta Lubkina


Uncertainties in conceptualizations of research skills and competences draw heavily on the changing process of the development of these qualities in education and the relative importance of employment at different education levels that follow the completed by students programs; these also have to meet the uncertainties in competence structure and development. While the shift to competence approach in education is thus more complex than many accounts suggest, it does have major implications for important aspects of studies and teacher and educator work. These include: skill and competence definitions, structure, developmental dynamic and kinds of activities that ensure a stage-by-stage enhancement of these qualities. Research is among the most complicated activities at universities that students and educators have to cover; doctoral studies and the acquired competences are of a special concern. The aim of this article is to trace different approaches and classifications of the 21st Century competences, define research skills and researcher competence, as well as to provide a structure and development of a doctoral student’s competence in the area of education inquiry.


research skill; researcher competence; dynamic of development; structure of competence; inquiry

Full Text:



Akadēmiskās informācijas centrs & Latvijas Republikas Izglītības un zinātnes ministrijas Politikas koordinācijas departamenta Mūžizglītības attīstības nodaļa (2011). Augstākās izglītības ciklu noslēguma prasību apraksti (deskriptori). Retrieved from Augst-izgl-ciklu-nosleguma-prasibas_1.pdf

Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Herman, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M., & Rumble, M. (2010). Draft White Paper 1 Defining 21st century skills. ATCS project: Assessment and Teaching 21st Century Skills. Australia: The University of Melbourne.

Burkhardt, G., Monsour, M., Valdez, G., Gunn, C., Lemke, C., Coughlin, E., Thadani, V., & Martin, C. (2003). EnGauge 21st Century Skills: Literacy in the Digital Age. USA, North Central Regional Educational Laboratory and the Metiri Group. Retrieved from

Care, E., Vista, A., Kim, H., & Anderson, K. (2019). Education system alignment for 21st Century Skills: Focus on assessment. Washington, DC: Brookings. Retrieved from

Chalkiadaki, A. (2018). A Systematic Literature Review of 21st Century Skills and Competencies in Primary Education. International Journal of Instruction, 11(3), 1-16. DOI: 10.12973/iji.2018.1131a

EC (2018). Decision 2018/646 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 April 2018 on a common framework for the provision of better services for skills and qualifications (Europass) and repealing Decision No 2241/2004/EC. Retrieved from

EC. (2011). Towards Responsible Research and Innovation in the Information and Communication Technologies and Security Technologies Fields. Retrieved from

Furlong, J. & Whitty, J. (2017). Knowledge Traditions in the Study of Education. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education, 27(1), 13-57.

Mieg, H. A. (Ed) (2017). Inquiry-Based Learning – Undergraduate Research: The German Multidisciplinary Experience. Springer Open.

OECD (2003). DeSeCo project (Definition and Selection of Key Competencies). Retrieved from

OECD (2005). The Definition and Selection of key Competencies. Executive Summary. Retrieved from

Pedagoģijas terminu skaidrojošā vārdnīca. (2000). Rīga: Zvaigzne ABC.

Pedaste, M., Mäeots, M., Siiman, L. A., De Jong, T., Van Riesen, S. A., Kamp, E. T., & Tsourlidaki, E. (2015). Phases of Inquiry-Based Learning: Definitions and the inquiry cycle, Educational research review, 14, 47-61. 2015.02.003

Stern, L. N. (2016). Building on Success and Learning from Experience. UK Government. Retrieved from uploads/attachment_data/file/541338/ind-16-9-ref-stern-review.pdf

Suto, I. & Eccles, H. (2014). The Cambridge approach to 21st Century skills: definitions, development and dilemmas for assessment. IAEA Conference, Singapore, 2014.

Retrieved from

The European Commission's science and knowledge service 2016 Competence frameworks: the European approach to teach and learn 21st century skills. Retrieved from

The Great School Partnership (GSP) (2014). The Glossary of Transversal Skills. Retrieved from

von Schromberg, R. (2011). Introduction. Pp.7-15. In EC. (2011). Towards Responsible Research and Innovation in the Information and Communication Technologies and Security Technologies’ Field. Brusseles: EC.

Willison & O’Regan. (2008, 2015). Table 1: Researcher Skill Development Framework. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

This journal is distributed with an international license:

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Print ISSN 2661-5258

Online ISSN 2661-5266